Showing posts with label Jarasandha. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Jarasandha. Show all posts

Thursday, 13 August 2020

NARAYANEEYAM DASAKAM - 85 - JARASANDHA VADHAM AND SHISHUPALA MOKSHAM

Dasakam - 85 - Jarasandha Vadham and Shishupala Moksham




Jarasandha, King of Magadha held 20800 kings in his captivity for long time and were torturing them. The kings in hostage prayed to Krishna and sent an emissary requesting Krishna to free them from the captivity. Nothing to say more, but they prayed for killing of the Magadha king. Krishna with his Yadava army intended to start to Magadha when Narada came there  and informed about Rajasuya Yagna being done by Yudhisthira. Krishna was confused as to which task he should take up first. Uddhava pointed out to Krishna that sacrifice demands conquering of enemies, so going to yagna will meet both the purposes. Immediately Krishna left to Indraprastha along with all his wives and the yadavas.

With Krishna's grace through his glance and blessings, Yudhisthira and his brothers gained lot of strength and conquered the earth and amassed lot of wealth. Then he sent Krishna, Bheema and Arjuna to Jarasandha. Krishna, Arjuna and Bhima went to Girivraja in the guise of Brahmins and Krishna invited Jarasandha to fight with Bheema. Krishna along with Arjuna remained as onlookers. The fight went on for 27 days as both were equally strong. Finally Krishna signaled Bheema the way to kill Jarasandha by tearing a twig apart and so Bheema ripped him to two pieces and threw the pieces on either side, thus ending his life. Krishna made his son Sahdev the king of Magadha and released the kings from captivity and blessed them with devotion. The kings were not having any material desire, yet Krishna advised them to rule the earth as per dharma.

Yudhisthira then performed the Rajasuya yagna. Kings who were under the control of Yudhistira  happily participated in the yagna. Krishna who is the Lord of the universe, personally washed the feet of holy men and brahmins and dried their feet with his silk robe. How fortunate Yudhistira was! It was required in the yagna that Yudhistira had to honour and offer puja to the most noteworthy person among the guests. Sahadeva advised that the worship and honour be offered to their family god Sri Krishna. Dharmaputra with lot of happiness, worshipped and honoured Sri Krishna, the soul of every atma. This made all devas, gods and humans satisfied and happy.

While the kings and holy men were worshipping and honouring Krishna, the king of Chedi, Shishupala sprang up from his seat and hurled abuses on Krishna. He called everyone who were honouring and worshipping the cowherd boy, fools. With some more abuses, he carried weapons and came towards the Lord. Pandavas confronted him immediately and prevented him from advancing further.

Krishna stopped his allies, Pandavas to confront Shishupala and cut his head with his sudarshan chakra which cuts the heads of asuras. Having seeded hostility for past three births (as Hiranyakashipu, Ravana and Shishupala), he kept thinking of Lord in all through his births, got the moksham for the pure minded Shishupala by merging with the Lord, which was very difficult to attain for even yogis.

Rajasuya yagna was completed well by the grace of the Lord. Everyone praised Dharmaputra and blessed victory to him and left the venue. Hearing the glory of Pandavas, Duryodhana grew jealous and upset and came to visit them at the palace built by Mayan. The assembly hall was built in such a way that the water area looked like floor and the dry floor area looked like water. Duryodhana mistook wet places and dry places in the palace as he walked in and slipped. Draupadi and Bhima laughed at Duryodana's ignorance. Krishna planning to reduce the evil people in the earth, made Draupadi and Bheema to laugh more by his glances. Bhattathiri offered worship to the Lord who intended to reduce the evil, to protect him from his ailments.


Lyrics of Dasakam 85



ततो मगध भूभृता चिरनिरोध संक्लेशितं
शताष्टक युतायुत द्वितयमीश भूमी भृताम् ।
अनाथ शरणाय ते कमपि पूरुषं प्राहिणोत्
अयाचत स मागध क्षपणमेव किं भूयसा ॥१॥

tatO magadha bhuubhR^itaa chiranirOdha sankleshitaM
shataaShTaka yutaayuta dvitayamiisha bhuumii bhR^itaam |
anaatha sharaNaaya te kamapi puuruShaM praahiNOt
ayaachata sa maagadha kshapaNameva kiM bhuuyasaa || 1 ||

यियासुरभिमागधं तदनु नारदोदीरितात्
युधिष्ठिर मखोद्यमात् उभय कार्य पर्याकुल: ।
विरुद्ध जयिनोऽध्वरात् उभय सिद्धिरित्युद्धवे
शशंसुषि निजै: समं पुरमियेथ यौधिष्ठिरीम् ॥२॥

yiyaasurabhimaagadhaM tadanu naaradOdiiritaat
yudhiShThira makhOdyamaat ubhaya kaarya paryaakulaH |
viruddha jayinO(a)dhvaraat ubhaya siddhirityuddhave
shashamsuShi nijai: samaM puramiyetha yaudhiShThiriim || 2 ||

अशेष दयितायुते त्वयि समागते धर्मजो
विजित्य सहजैर्महीं भवदपाङ्ग संवर्धितै: ।
श्रियं निरुपमां वहन् अहह भक्त दासायितं
भवन्तमयि मागधे प्रहितवान् सभीमार्जुनम् ॥३॥

asheSha dayitaayute tvayi samaagate dharmajO
vijitya sahajairmahiiM bhavadapaanga sanvardhitai: |
shriyaM nirupamaaM vahann ahaha bhakta daasaayitaM
bhavantamayi maagadhe prahitavaan sabhiimaarjunam|| 3 ||

गिरिव्रजपुरं गता: तदनु देव यूयं त्रयो
ययाच समरोत्सवं द्विजमिषेण तं मागधम् ।
अपूर्ण सुकृतं त्वमुं पवनजेन संग्रामयन्
निरीक्ष्य सह जिष्णुना त्वमपि राजयुद्ध्वा स्थित: ॥४॥

girivrajapuraM gataa: tadanu deva yuuyaM trayO
yayaacha samarOtsavam dvijamiSheNa taM maagadham |
apuurNa sukR^itaM tvamuM pavanajena sangraamayan
niriikshya saha jiShNunaa tvamapi raajyayudhvaa sthita: || 4 ||

अशान्त समरोद्धतं बिटप पाटना संज्ञया
निपात्य जरस: सुतं पवनजेन निष्पाटितम् ।
विमुच्य नृपतीन् मुदा समनुगृह्य भक्तिं परां
दिदेशिथ गतस्पृहानपि च धर्मगुप्त्यै भुव: ॥५॥

ashaanta samarOddhataM viTapa paaTanaa sanj~nayaa
nipaatya jarasa: sutaM pavanajena niShpaaTitam |
vimuchya nR^ipatiin mudaa samanugR^ihya bhaktiM paraaM
dideshitha gataspR^ihaanapi cha dharmaguptyai bhuva: || 5

प्रचक्रुषि युधिष्ठिरे तदनु राजसूयाध्वरं
प्रसन्न भृतकी भवत् सकल राजक व्याकुलम् ।
त्वमप्ययि जगत्पते द्विज पदावनेजादिकं
चकर्थ किमु कथ्यते नृपवरस्य भाग्योन्नति: ॥६॥

prachakruShi yudhiShThire tadanu raajasuuyaadhvaraM
prasanna bhR^itakii bhavat sakala raajaka vyaakulam |
tvamapyayi jagatpate dvija padaavanejaadikaM
chakartha kimu kathyate nR^ipavarasya bhaagyOnnati: || 6 ||

तत: सवन कर्मणि प्रवरमग्र्य पूजाविधिं
विचार्य सहदेववाक् अनुगत: स धर्मात्मज: ।
व्यधत्त भवते मुदा सदसि विश्व भूतात्मने
तदा ससुर मानुषं भुवनमेव तृप्तिं दधौ ॥७॥

tataH savana karmaNi pravaramagra puujaavidhiM
vichaarya sahadeva vaaganugata: sa dharmaatmaja: |
vyadhatta bhavate mudaa sadasi vishva bhuutaatmane
tadaa sasura maanuShaM bhuvanameva tR^iptiM dadhau || 7 ||

तत: सपदि चेदिपो मुनि नृपेषु तिष्ठत्स्वहो
सभाजयति को जड: पशुप दुर्दुरूटं वटुम् ।
इति त्वयि स दुर्वचो विततिम् उद्वमन् आसनात्
उदापत दुदायुध: समपतन्नमुं पाण्डवा: ॥८॥

tata: sapadi chedipO muninR^ipeShu tiShThatsvahO
sabhaajayati kO jaDa: pashupad urduruuTaM vaTum |
iti tvayi cha durvachO vitatim udvamann aasanaat
udaapata dudaayudha: samapatannamuM paaNDavaa: || 8 ||

निवार्य निजपक्षगानभिमुखस्यविद्वेषिण-
स्त्वमेव जहृषे शिरो दनुजदारिणा स्वारिणा ।
जनुस्त्रितय लब्धया सततचिन्तया शुद्धधी-
स्त्वया स परमेकतामधृत योगिनां दुर्लभाम् ॥९॥

nivaarya nijapakshagaan abhimukhasya vidveShiNa:
tvameva jahR^iShe shirO danujadaariNaa svaariNaa |
janusitrataya labdhayaa satatachintayaa shuddhadhii:
tvayaa sa paramekataamadhR^ita yOginaaM durlabhaam || 9 ||

तत: सुमहिते त्वया क्रतुवरे निरूढे जनो
ययौ जयति धर्मजो जयति कृष्ण इत्यालपन्।
खल: स तु सुयोधनो धुतमना: सपत्नश्रिया
मयार्पित सभामुखे स्थल जल भ्रमादभ्रमीत् ॥१०॥

tata: sumahite tvayaa kratuvare niruuDhe janO
yayau jayati dharmajO jayati kR^iShNa ityaalapan |
khalaH sa tu suyOdhanO dhutamanaa: sapatnashriyaa
mayaarpita sabhaamukhe sthalajalabhramaad abhramiit || 10 ||

तदा हसितम् उत्थितं द्रुपदनन्दना भीमयो:
अपाङ्ग कलया विभो किमपि तावदुज्जृम्भयन् ।
धराभर निराकृतौ सपदि नाम बीजं वपन्
जनार्दन मरुत्पुरीनिलय पाहि माम् आमयात् ॥११॥

tadaa hasitam utthitaM drupadanandanaa bhiimayO:
apaanga kalayaa vibhO kimapi taavadujjR^imbhayan |
dharaabhara niraakR^itau sapadi naama biijaM vapan
janaardana marutpuriinilaya paahi maam aamayaat || 11 ||


-------Sri Krishnarpanam-------

Tuesday, 21 July 2020

NARAYANEEYAM DASAKAM 77 - UPASHLOKA JANANAM, JARASANDHA AND KAALAYAVANA VADHAM


Dasakam 77 - Upashloka Jananam,

Jarasandha and Kaalayavana Vadham






Saiarandhari gave sandal paste to Krishna when he entered Mathura. In return, Krishna set right her hunchback and promised her that he will visit her house some day. She dressed herself well with costumes and jewellery, decorated her house well and waited for Krishna's arrival. Krishna decked in his beautiful costumes and jewellery went with Uddhava to Sairandhari's house. At his arrival, all her wishes got fulfilled and she welcomed Krishna and happily served him various offerings

Krishna wanted to grant a boon for her hospitality. Instead of asking for devotion to Krishna throughout her life or asking for his presence with her always, this ignorant woman asked his presence with her for few nights. Bhattathiri wonders at her ignorance of not asking "saamipyam" (being close with Lord) of the Lord or "saaujyam" (being one with Lord) from the Lord. Krishna granted her boon and made her happy the following few nights, as a result a son Upashloka was born to them. He learnt paancharathraagamam from Sage Narada and shone as an exponent forever.

Krishna together with Balarama and Uddhava went to Akrurar's house as promised to him. Akrurar welcomed them heartily and worshipped him singing his praises. Krishna sent Akrurar to know the whereabouts of Pandavas, sons of Kunthi. He came to know the return of Pandavas from exile and Bheema escaping from Duryodhana's attempt to kill him by poisoning him and pushing him into Ganges, through Akrura's meeting with Dhritarashtra.

Jarasandhan, father in law of Kamsan, angry with Kamsa vadham, lost his brains in anger, attacked Mathura. Krishna, taking help from Balarama and the chariot he got from devaloka, retaliated and killed 23 Akshouhinis (1 Akshouhini - 21,870 chariots, elephants, 65,610 cavalry and 1,09,350 infantry). Balarama somehow arrested Jarasandhan who was strongest king in the world at that time, having captured territories in all directions around. To make him come for fights more, Krishna freed him. Jarasandhan attacked 16 times and every time he was defeated and in all 391 Akshouhinis were killed by Krishna. When he came for the 18th time, Krishna took help of devaloka architect Vishwakarma and built a palace in Dwaraka amidst the sea and deported all his people to Dwaraka through his yogic powers.

Krishna then ran away acting coward outside the city. Kaalayavana, friend of Jarasandha chased him and Krishna purposefully ran into a cave as he wanted to avoid killing him with his hands thereby preventing salvation for Kaalayavana. As planned by Krishna, Kaalayavana stepped on Muchukunda who was sleeping inside the cave and got reduced to ashes by him. Pleased with Muchukunda, Krishna showed his Bhagavath Swaroopam to him. Krishna wanted to grant a boon, but Muchukunda being great devotee of Krishna requested only his blessings as he is not interested in anything else. Moved with his answer, Krishna granted deep devotion which will give him moksham at later stage and advised him to do penance to dilute the sin he had accumulated by hunting and killing animals and for having inflicted pain to his subjects during his rule.

Krishna returned to Mathura after Kaalayavana vatham and killed his armies. The Magadha king Jarasandha once again obstructed Krishna. This time once again, Krishna let Jarasandha get victory so that his ego is boosted up and will come for fight once again. Then Krishna fled to his kingdom Dwaraka situated in the middle of the ocean. Bhattathiri worshipped that Lord who gave false pride to Jarasandhan and went to Dwaraka, to protect him from his ailments and Lord immediately acknowledged his request.


Lyrics of Dasakam 77



सैरन्ध्र्यास्तदनु चिरं स्मरातुराया
यातोऽभू: सुललितम् उद्धवेन सार्धम् ।
आवासं त्वदुपगमोत्सवं सदैव
ध्यायन्त्या: प्रति दिन वास सज्जिकाया: ॥१॥

sairandhryaastadanu chiraM smaraaturaayaa
yaatO(a)bhuu: sulalitam uddhavena saardham |
aavaasaM tadupagamOtsavaM sadaiva
dhyaayantyaa: prati dina vaasa sajjikaayaa: || 1 ||

उपगते त्वयि पूर्ण मनोरथां
प्रमद सम्भ्रम कम्प्र पयोधराम् ।
विविध माननम् आदधतीं मुदा
रहसि तां रमयाञ्चकृषे सुखम् ॥२॥

upagate tvayi puurNa manOrathaaM
pramada sambhrama kampra payOdharaam |
vividha maananam aadadhatiiM mudaa
rahasi taaM ramayaaMchakR^iShe sukham || 2 ||

पृष्टा वरं पुनरसा ववृणोद्वराकी
भूयस्त्वया सुरतमेव निशान्तरेषु ।
सायुज्यम् अस्त्विति वदेत् बुध एव कामं
सामीप्यमस्त्वनिशम् इत्यपि नाब्रवीत् किम् ॥३॥

pR^iShTaa varaM punarasaa vavR^iNOdvaraakii
bhuuyastvayaa suratameva nishaantareShu |
saayujyam asitvati vadet budha eva kaamaM
saamiipyamastvanisham ityapi naabraviit kim || 3 ||

ततो भवान् देव निशासु कासुचित्
मृगीदृशं तां निभृतं विनोदयन् ।
अदादुपश्लोक इति श्रुतं सुतं
स नारदात् सात्त्वत तन्त्रविद् बभौ ॥४॥

tatO bhavaan deva nishaasu kaasuchit
mR^igiidR^ishaM taaM nibhR^itaM vinOdayan |
adaadupashlOka iti shrutaM sutaM
sa naaradaat saattvata tantravid babhau || 4 ||

अक्रूर मन्दिरमितोऽथ बलोद्धवाभ्याम्
अभ्यर्चितो बहु नुतो मुदितेन तेन ।
एनं विसृज्य विपिनागत पाण्डवेय-
वृत्तं विवेदिथ तथा धृतराष्ट्र चेष्टाम् ॥५॥

akruura mandiramitO(a)tha balOddhavaabhyaam
abhyarchitO bahu nutO muditena tena |
enaM visR^ijya vipinaagata paaNDaveya-
vR^ittaM viveditha tathaa dhR^itaraaShTra cheShTaam || 5 ||

विघाताज्जामातु: परम सुहृदो भोज नृपते:
जरासन्धे रुन्धत्यनवधि रुषान्धेऽथ मथुराम् ।
रथाद्यैर्द्योर्लब्धै: कतिपय बलस्त्वं बलयुत:
त्रयोविंशत्यक्षौहिणि तदुपनीतं समहृथा: ॥६॥

vighaataajjaamaatu: parama suhR^idO bhOja nR^ipate:
jaraasandhe rundhatyanavadhi ruShaa(a)ndhe(a)tha mathuraam |
rathaadyairdyOlabdhai: katipaya balastvaM balayuta:
trayOvimshatyakshauhiNi tadupaniitaM samahR^ithaa: || 6 ||

बद्धं बलादथ बलेन बलोत्तरं त्वं
भूयो बलोद्यमरसेन मुमोचिथैनम् ।
निश्शेष दिग्जय समाहृत विश्वसैन्यात्
कोऽन्य: ततो हि बल पौरुषवांस्तदानीम् ॥७॥

baddhaM balaadatha balena balOttaraM tvaM
bhuuyO balOdyamarasena mumOchithainam |
nishsheSha digjaya samaahR^ita vishvasainyaat
kO(a)nya: tatO hi bala pauruShavaamstadaaniim || 7 ||

भग्न: स लग्न हृदयोऽपि नृपै: प्रणुन्नो
युद्धं त्वया व्यधित षोडश कृत्व एवम् ।
अक्षौहिणी: शिव शिवास्य जघन्थ विष्णो
सम्भूय सैकनवति त्रिशतं तदानीम् ॥८॥

bhagna: sa lagna hR^idayO(a)pi nR^ipai: praNunnO
yuddhaM tvayaa vyadhita ShODasha kR^itva evam |
akshauhiNii: shiva shivaasya jaghantha viShNO
sambhuuya saikanavati trishataM tadaaniim || 8 ||

अष्टादशेऽस्य समरे समुपेयुषि त्वं
दृष्ट्वा पुरोऽथ यवनं यवन त्रिकोट्या ।
त्वष्ट्रा विधाप्य पुरमाशु पयोधि मध्ये
तत्राऽथ योग बलत: स्वजनान् अनैषी: ॥९॥

aShTaadashe(a)sya samare samupeyuShi tvaM
dR^iShTvaa purO(a)tha yavanaM yavana trikOTyaa |
tvaShTraa vidhaapya puramaashu payOdhi madhye
tatraa(a)tha yOgabalata: svajanaan anaiShii: || 9 ||

पदभ्यां त्वां पद्ममाली चकित इव पुरान्निर्गतो धावमानो
म्लेच्छेशेनानुयातो वध सुकृत विहीनेन शैले न्यलैषी: ।
सुप्तेनांघ्र्या हतेन द्रुतमथ मुचुकुन्देन भस्मी कृतेऽस्मिन्
भूपायास्मै गुहान्ते सुललित वपुषा तस्थिषे भक्तिभाजे ॥१०॥

padbhyaaM tvaM padmamaalii chakita iva puraannirgatO dhaavamaanO
mlechCheshenaanuyaatO vadha sukR^ita vihiinena shaile nyalaiShii: |
suptenaanghryaa hatena drutamatha muchukundena bhasmii kR^ite(a)smin
bhuupaayaasmai guhaante sulalita vapuShaa tasthiShe bhaktibhaaje || 10 ||

ऐक्ष्वाकोऽहं विरक्तोऽस्म्यखिल नृपसुखे त्वत् प्रसादैक काङ्क्षी
हा देवेति स्तुवन्तं वरविततिषु तं निस्पृहं वीक्ष्य हृष्यन् ।
मुक्तेस्तुल्यां च भक्तिं धुतसकल मलां मोक्षमप्याशु दत्वा
कार्यं हिंसा विशुद्ध्यै तप इति च तदा प्रात्थ लोकप्रतीत्यै ॥११॥

aikshvaakO(a)haM viraktO(a)smyakhila nR^ipasukhe tvat prasaadaika kaankshii
haa deveti stuvantaM varavitatiShu taM niHspR^ihaM viikshya hR^iShyan |
muktestulyaaM cha bhaktiM dhutasakala malaaM mOkshamapyaashu dattvaa
kaaryaM himsaa vishuddhyai tapa iti cha tadaa praattha lOkapratiityai || 11 ||

तदनु मथुरां गत्वा हत्वा चमूं यवनाहृतां
मगध पतिना मार्गे सैन्यै: पुरेव निवारित: ।
चरमविजयं दर्पायास्मै प्रदाय पलायितो
जलधि नगरीं यातो वातालयेश्वर पाहि माम् ॥१२॥

tadanu mathuraaM gatvaa hatvaa chamuuM yavanaahR^itaaM
magadha patinaa maarge sainyai: pureva nivaarita: |
charamavijayaM darpaayaasmai pradaaya palaayitO
jaladhi nagariiM yaatO vaataalayeshvara paahi maam || 12 ||


--------Sri Krishnarppanam--------