Showing posts with label Narayaneeyam. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Narayaneeyam. Show all posts

Friday, 4 September 2020

NARAYANEEYAM DASAKAM - 92 - KARMA MISRA BHAKTHI

Dasakam - 92 - Karma Misra Bhakthi






Vedas have prescribed certain actions, which have to be done without expecting fruits of it. Bhattadiri requested mind strength to perform all such actions and surrender actions and their results to Lord's Lotus feet and attain freedom from action. He did not wish to do any action which is not listed in the vedas by his mind, intellect or speech. If by mistake, he committed any action not mentioned in vedas, he would surrender that karma also to Lord.

Singing glory of Lord through Bhajans is also a method of Karma yoga. Bhattathiri wished to pray Lord in the form of a Murthy/Vigraha made of mud, sand or any suitable material or just visualise Lord's Swaroopam in his mind and do pooja with flowers, sandalwood and perfumes, which are affordable to him and earn his blessings. If women and people of lower varna are not privileged to hear to Lord's  glories and pastimes and chant Lord's names, they are still subjected to Lord's mercy. Bhattathiri says he is only worried about those people who were privileged to worship Lord and yet are not peaceful with themselves. He prays to the Lord that he should not be like those privileged ones who perform Yajnas for profession but not devoted to the Lord, turn proud and arrogant due to their fame, obtained out of their karmas.

This world comprises of undevoted people who laugh at the devotees and say that these devotees, in order to hide their misconduct, are chanting names like Rama and Krishna. Such people accuse the devotees of hindering the fame due to them. They go to the extent of calling the devoted brethren as hypocrites and laugh at them for worshipping Lord always. Bhattathiri prayed to Lord that never should he become like those undevoted people.

People worshipped Lord in white colour as Brahmacharya and pleased him through their meditation and penance in krita Yuga. In treta Yuga, Lord was worshipped as clad with sruka and sruva appearing in red colour like an yagna purusha. In Dwapara Yuga, Lord was worshipped as one with chakra and mace and with a black or dark coloured complexion. In Kali Yuga, Lord who is blue in complexion is worshipped through Nama sankeerthanam. The Kali is better than other yugas, because with small effort through the ways of Namasankeerthanam, one can attain the best fruit of life, the Moksham. Therefore people who were born in treta and dwapara yuga would like to be born in kali. Bhattathiri requested Lord to help the people including him born in kali to be not attracted to material desires.

In this Kali, there will more people devoted to Lord and they will be mostly living in the Dravidian land. In that too, they would live along the banks of Kaveri, Tamiraparani, Vaigai and the banks of those rivers flowing towards west. Bhattathiri requested to be born in such regions and be devoted to Lord all the time, never should be bonded emotionally through desires and have a complete devotion. In olden days, King Pareekshit took his sword to kill Kali who was detrimental to dharma. Since he knew the essence of truth, he spared the Kali, as it had some good qualities as well. Only in Kali, service to God gives the best benefit sooner than even the sins. Even Kali is scared to afflict Lord's devotees. Only, before one turns to be Lord's devotee, he perhaps afflict them with diseases and only for that sake, Bhattathiri requested Lord to punish the Kali.

Great Saints have advised that in Kali yuga, Ganga, Gita, Gayathri, Tulsi, Gopichandanam, Shalagrama pooja, Ekadashi fasting and eight aksharas denoting Lord's Nama increases Lord's grace and grants moksham quickly. Hence Bhattathiri requested Lord to make him intensely interested in these eight things. If one abandons all actions and take a total surrender at Lord's feet, he becomes relieved from any debt towards Gods, Sages, Pitrus and is no longer a servant to them. Lord resides in such person and removes all his sins. Bhattathiri requested Lord to remove all his afflictions caused due to sins committed by him. Lord Guruvayoorappan acknowledged his request immediately by nodding his head.

PS: Doing Bhakthi while discharging duties as per the varnashrama without material desires and surrendering the fruits of action to Lord - Karma Misra Bhakthi


Lyrics of Dasakam 92


वेदैस्सर्वाणि कर्माणि अफल परतया वर्णितानीति बुध्वा
तानि त्वयि अर्पितानि एव हि समनुचरन् यानि नैष्कर्म्यम् ईश ।
मा भूत् वेदै: निषिद्धे कुहचिदपि मन:कर्मवाचां प्रवृत्ति:
र्दुर्वर्जं चेदवाप्तं तदपि खलु भवत्यर्पये चित्प्रकाशे ॥१॥

vedaissarvaaNi karmaaNi aphala paratayaa varNitaaniiti buddhvaa
taani tvayi arpitaani eva hi samanucharan yaani naiShkarmyam iisha |
maa bhuud vedai: niShiddhe kuhachidapi mana: karmavaachaaM pravR^itti:
durvarjaM chedavaaptaM tadapi khalu bhavatyarpaye chitprakaashe || 1 ||

यस्त्वन्य: कर्मयोग: तव भजनमय: तत्र चाभीष्ट मूर्तिं
हृद्यां सत्त्वैक रूपां दृषदि हृदि मृदि क्वापि वा भावयित्वा ।
पुष्पै:-गन्धै: निवेद्यै: अपि च विरचितै: शक्तितो भक्तिपूतै:
नित्यं वर्यां सपर्यां विदधत् अयि विभो त्वत्प्रसादं भजेयम् ॥२॥

yastvanya: karmayOga: tava bhajanamaya: tatra chaabhiiShTa muurtim
hR^idyaaM satvaika ruupaaM dR^iShadi hR^idi mR^idi kvaapi vaa bhaavayitvaa |
puShpai: gandhai: nivedyai: api cha virachitai: shaktitO bhaktipuutai:
nityam varyaam saparyaam vidadhad ayi vibhO tvatprasaadam bhajeyam || 2 ||

स्त्री शूद्रा: त्वत् कथादि श्रवण विरहिता आसतां ते दयार्हा:
त्वत्पादासन्नयातान् द्विजकुल जनुषो हन्त शोचाम्यशान्तान् ।
वृत्त्यर्थं ते यजन्तो बहुकथितमपि त्वाम् अनाकर्णयन्तो
दृप्ता विद्याभिजात्यै: किमु न विदधते तादृशं मा कृथा माम् ॥३॥

strii shuudraa: tvat kathaadi shravaNa virahitaa aasataaM te dayaarhaa:
tvatpaadaasannayaataan dvijakula januShO hanta shOchaamyashaantaan |
vR^ittyartham te yajantO bahukathitamapi tvaamanaakarNayantO
dR^iptaa vidyaabhijaatyai: kimu na vidadhate taadR^isham maa kR^ithaa maam || 3 ||

पापोऽयं कृष्ण रामेत्यभिलपति निजं गूहितुं दुश्चरित्रं
निर्लज्जस्यास्य वाचा बहुतर कथनीयानि मे विघ्नितानि ।
भ्राता मे वन्ध्यशीलो भजति किल सदा विष्णुम् इत्थं बुधांस्ते
निन्दन्त्युच्चैर्हसन्ति त्वयि निहित मतीन् तादृशं मा कृथा माम् ॥४॥

paapO(a)yaM kR^iShNa raameti abhilapati nijaM guuhituM dushcharitraM
nirlajjasyaasya vaachaa bahutara kathaniiyaani me vighnitaani |
bhraataa me vandhyashiilO bhajati kila sadaa viShNum itthaM budhaamste
nindantyuchchairhasanti tvayi nihita matiin taadR^ishaM maa kR^ithaa maam || 4 ||

श्वेतच्छायं कृते त्वां मुनिवरवपुषं प्रीणयन्ते तपोभि:
त्रेतायां स्रुक् स्रुवाद्यङ्कितम् अरुणतनुं यज्ञरूपं यजन्ते ।
सेवन्ते तन्त्र मार्गै: विलसदरिगदं द्वापरे श्यामलाङ्गं
नीलं सङ्कीर्तनाद्यै: इह कलि समये मानुषास्त्वां भजन्ते ॥५॥

shvetachChaayaM kR^ite tvaaM munivaravapuShaM priiNayante tapObhi:
tretaayaaM sruk sruvaadyankitam aruNatanuM yaj~naruupaM yajante |
sevante tantra maargai: vilasadarigadaM dvaapare shyaamalaangam
niilaM sankiirtanaadyai: iha kali samaye maanuShaastvaam bhajante || 5 ||

सोऽयं कालेयकालो जयति मुररिपो यत्र सङ्कीर्तनाद्यै:
र्निर्यत्नैरेव मार्गै: अखिलद न चिरात् त्वत्प्रसादं भजन्ते ।
जातास्त्रेता कृतादौ अपि हि किल कलौ सम्भवं कामयन्ते
दैवात्तत्रैव जातान् विषय विषरसै: मा विभो वञ्चयास्मान् ॥६॥

sO(a)yaM kaaleya kaalO jayati muraripO yatra sankiirtanaadyai:
niryatnaireva maargai: akhilada na chiraat tvatprasaadaM bhajante |
jaataastretaa kR^itaadau api hi kila kalau sambhavaM kaamayante
daivaattatraiva jaataan viShaya viSharasai: maa vibhO va~nchayaasmaan || 6 ||

भक्ता: तावत्कलौ स्यु: द्रमिलभुवि ततो भूरिशस्तत्र चोच्चै:
कावेरीं ताम्रपर्णीम् अनु किल कृतमालां च पुण्यां प्रतीचीम् ।
हा मामप्येतत् अन्तर्भवमपि च विभो किञ्चिदञ्चत् रसं त्वयि
आशापाशै: निबध्य भ्रमय न भगवन् पूरय त्वन्निषेवाम् ॥७॥

bhaktaa: taavatkalau syu: dramilabhuvi tatO bhuurishastatra chOchchai:
kaaveriim taamraparNiim anu kila kR^itamaalaaM cha puNyaam pratiichiim |
haa maamapyetat antarbhavamapi cha vibhO ki~nchida~nchat rasaM tvayi
aashaapaashai: nibadhya bhramaya na bhagavan puuraya tvanniShevaam || 7 ||

दृष्ट्वा धर्मद्रुहं तं कलिमप करुणं प्राङ्महीक्षित् परीक्षित्
हन्तुं व्याकृष्ट खड्गोऽपि न विनिहतवान् सारवेदी गुणांशात् ।
त्वत् सेवाद्याशु सिद्ध्येत् सिद्ध्येत् सदिह न तथा त्वत्परे चैष भीरु:
यत्तु प्रागेव रोगादिभि: अपहरते तत्र हा शिक्षयैनम् ॥८॥

dR^iShTvaa dharmadruhaM taM kalimapa karuNaM praa~Nmahiikshit pariikshit
hantuM vyaakR^iShTa khaDgO(a)pi na vinihatavaan saaravedii guNaamshaat |
tvat sevaadyaashu siddhyet sadiha na tathaa tvatpare chaiSha bhiiru:
yattu praageva rOgaadibhi: apaharate tatra haa shikshayainam || 8 ||

गङ्गा गीता च गायत्र्यपि च तुलसिका गोपिका चन्दनं तत्
सालग्रामाभि पूजा परपुरुष तथा एकादशी नामवर्णा: ।
एतान्यष्टापि अयत्नानि अयि कलि समये त्वत् प्रसाद प्रवृद्ध्या
क्षिप्रं मुक्ति प्रदानीति अभिदधु: ऋषय: तेषु मां सज्जयेथा: ॥९॥

gangaa giitaa cha gaayatryapi cha tulasikaa gOpikaa chandanaM tat
saalagraamaabhi puujaa parapuruSha tathaikaadashii naamavarNaa: |
etaanyaShTaapi ayatnaani ayi kali samaye tvat prasaada pravR^iddhyaa
kshipraM mukti pradaaniiti abhidadhu: R^iShaya: teShu maam sajjayethaa: || 9 ||

देवर्षीणां पितृणामपि न पुन: ऋणी किङ्करो वा स भूमन् ।
योऽसौ सर्वात्मना त्वां शरणम् उपगत: सर्व कृत्यानि हित्वा ।
तस्योत्पन्नं विकर्मापि अखिलम् अपनुदस्येव चित्त स्थितस्त्वं
तन्मे पापोत्थ तापान् पवनपुरपते रुन्धि भक्तिं प्रणीया: ॥१०॥

devarShiiNaaM pitR^INaamapi cha puna: R^iNii kinkarO vaa sa bhuuman
yO(a)sau sarvaatmanaa tvaaM sharaNam upagata: sarvakR^ityaani hitvaa |
tasyOtpannaM vikarmaapi akhilam apanudasyeva chitta sthitastvam
tanme paapOtthya taapaan pavanapurapate rundhi bhaktiM praNiiyaa: || 10 ||


--------Sri Krishnarpanam-------


Wednesday, 2 September 2020

NARAYANEEYAM DASAKAM - 91 - BHAKTHI MAHATVAM

Dasakam - 91 - Bhakthi Mahatvam






In this Dasakam, Bhattathiri listed the significance of devotional path and ways to lead to it which leads to Moksha.

For those who are attached to their body and material world, which are illusory in nature, only way to expel their fear of death, is to surrender, serve and worship the lotus feet of Lord Krishna, the God of all gods and the soul of all beings in the world. When such people, who follow the devotional path as advised by Lord himself, slips out of the righteous path by chance, he will be redirected to the righteous path automatically. In other words, persons in devotional path never err.

Bhattathiri surrendered his body, speech and mind and the actions done out of them at the feet of the Supreme Lord. One who surrenders his actions, speech, senses and vital energies at Lord's feet, even if he is born out of a lower Varna, he will purify this world. It is not so in the case of person born as Brahmin but is indifferent towards Lord.

Fear is induced in the mind only due to the consciousness of a second entity which is different from oneself and that also is just the projection of one's own mind. Jivatma and Paramatma are the same. A pot is made up of clay, still the pot is eventually the clay. Similarly, what has arised out of Brahman is Brahman itself.  Bhattathiri says that he will take effort to control his mind with this discriminative intelligence so as to realise that everything is Brahman. Once the mind is inflicted by maya and indulges in lust and anger, then however tried to bring the mind back to the path of devotion, it is still not the same as before. Hence Bhattathiri requested Lord to give him a focused mind which makes him always devoted to Lord and that would ultimately ward off his fears and miseries.

In this world, anyone who associates himself with people blessed by Mahalakshmi, gains wealth. Similarly association with devotees, who contemplate on Lord's feet generates and grows more devotion. Bhattathiri prayed to Lord to grant him more association with such devotees. Hearing Lord's glories and narration of his pastimes through devotees, by the grace of Lord, one can attain firm and intense devotion which can ward off sins.

Among many paths available to reach Moksham, Bhattathiri requested Lord to make him more interested in the bhakthi margam, listening to stories of Lord's various incarnations, pastimes, chanting his many different names, sometimes singing them  happily, melting sometimes with tears and sometimes shouting them out in ecstasy. Bhattathiri requested that he may be granted mercy so that he could live in this world free from all inhibitions and attachments.

Bhattathiri saluted the five elements of nature and the world created out of them, the birds, fishes, animal species, human beings who live in it, his friends, enemies with devotion and balanced mind as they are all forms of Lord only. He believes that firm devotion, dispassion and knowledge of the true nature of the supreme Lord are obtained automatically, by worshipping and serving Lord constantly.

Having kept the mind and its focus on the Supreme Lord, Bhattathiri does not experience thirst, hunger due to bodily attachments. He wanted to be focused on meditating the Lord's feet all the time and does not want to have likes or dislikes on anything. He wanted to nurture on the thought that everything is Maya and hence liked to be free of happiness or sad. He wanted to practice the balanced state of mind always and keep his mind as cool as the moon of the Lord's toe nails.

If Lord feels that Bhattathiri had not matured enough to see Lord in every living thing including animals at that point of time, then he requested that he may be granted devotion, love towards the devotees of Lord, compassion towards ignorant people, tolerance towards enemies. If Lord still felt that Bhattathiri was not eligible for that also, then at least he may be granted increased devotion to worship Lord in the form of idol. He felt confident that by following one of the many paths of devotion, a devotee will definitely become the best devotee to Lord.

Lord of the worlds has hidden his true form and appears as earth, water, air and other elements in combination with Maya. The jivatmas, due to their past karmas are born again and again without having the ability to control their mind, suffering constantly due to Maya. Bhattathiri prayed to Lord, that he may be spared from the Lord's Maya and requested only devotion to the Lord's feet. He requoted the statement of a Siddha yogi, Praputtar who advised the King Nimi of Videha, that only way to escape from the clutches of Maya is to be devoted firmly with mind fixed on Lord's feet.

Seeing how the people face difficulties in life, Bhattathiri requested that he gets more philosophical maturity, which will fetch him a good master or guru. He would learn to realise the true form of the Lord and sing his glory and stories  which will increase his devotion, thereby win over the Maya and experience the eternal bliss. Staying devoted to Lord is the first step. Bhattathiri prayed to the Lord to bless him with such a guru so that he can win over Maya and experience the true bliss and requested relief from all his ailments. Lord Guruvayoorappan nodded his head in acknowledgement.


Lyrics of Dasakam 91



श्रीकृष्ण त्वत् पदोपासनम् अभयतमं बद्धमिथ्यार्थ दृष्टे:
मर्त्यस्यार्तस्य मन्ये व्यपसरति भयं येन सर्वात्मनैव ।
यत्तावत् त्वत् प्रणीतानिह भजनविधीन् आस्थितो मोहमार्गे
धावन् अपि आवृताक्ष: स्खलति न कुहचित् देव देवाखिलात्मन् ॥१॥

shriikR^iShNa tvat padOpaasanam abhayatamaM baddhamithyaartha dR^iShTe:
martasyaartasya manye vyapasarati bhayaM yena sarvaatmanaiva |
yattaavat tvat praNiitaaniha bhajanavidhiin aasthitO mOhamaarge
dhaavann api aavR^itaaksha: skhalati na kuhachit deva devaakhilaatman || 1 ||

भूमन् कायेन वाचा मुहुरपि मनसा त्वत् बल प्रेरितात्मा
यद्यत् कुर्वे समस्तं तदिह परतरे त्वय्यसौ अर्पयामि ।
जात्यापीह श्वपाक: त्वयि निहितमन: कर्म वागिन्द्रियार्थ-
प्राणो विश्वं पुनीते न तु विमुखमना: त्वत्पदात् विप्रवर्य: ॥२॥

bhuuman kaayena vaachaa muhurapi manasaa tvat bala preritaatmaa
yadyat kurve samastaM tadiha paratare tvayyasaav arpayaami |
jaatyaapiiha shvapaaka: tvayi nihita mana: karma vaagindriyaartha-
praaNO vishvaM puniite na tu vimukhamanaa: tvatpadaat vipravarya: || 2 ||

भीतिर्नाम द्वितीयात् भवति ननु मन:कल्पितं च द्वितीयं
तेनैक्याभ्यास शीलो हृदयमिह यथा शक्ति बुद्ध्या निरुन्ध्याम् ।
मायाविद्धे तु तस्मिन् पुनरपि न तथा भाति मायाधि नाथं
तं त्वां भक्त्या महत्या सततमनुभजन् ईश भीतिं विजह्याम् ॥३॥

bhiitirnaama dvitiiyaat bhavati nanu mana: kalpitaM cha dvitiiyaM
tenaikyaabhyaasa shiilO hR^idayamiha yathaa shakti buddhyaa nirundhyaam |
maayaaviddhe tu tasmin punarapi na tathaa bhaati maayaadhi naathaM
tam tvaaM bhaktyaa mahatyaa satatamanubhajann iisha bhiitiM vijahyaam || 3 ||

भक्तेरुत्पत्ति वृद्धी तव चरणजुषां सङ्गमेनैव पुंसाम्
आसाद्ये पुण्यभाजां श्रिय इव जगति श्रीमतां सङ्गमेन ।
तत्सङ्गो देव भूयात् मम खलु सततं तन्मुखात् उन्मिषद्भि:
त्वन्माहात्म्य प्रकारै: भवति च सुदृढा भक्तिरुद्धूत पापा ॥४॥

bhakterutpatti vR^Iddhii tava charaNajuShaaM sangamenaiva pumsaam
aasaadye puNyabhaajaaM shriya iva jagati shriimataaM sangamena |
tatsangO deva bhuuyaat mama khalu satataM tanmukhaat unmiShadbhi:
tvanmaahaatmya prakaarai: bhavati cha sudR^iDhaa bhaktiruddhuuta paapaa || 4 ||

श्रेयोमार्गेषु भक्तौ अधिक बहुमति: जन्मकर्माणि भूयो
गायन् क्षेमाणि नामान्यपि तदुभयत: प्रद्रुतं प्रद्रुतात्मा ।
उद्यद्धास: कदाचित् कुहचिदपि रुदन् क्वापि गर्जन् प्रगायन्
उन्मादीव प्रनृत्यन् अयि कुरु करुणां लोक बाह्यश्चरेयम् ॥५॥

shreyOmaargeShu bhaktow adhika bahumati: janmakarmaaNi bhuuyO
gaayan kshemaaNi naamaanyapi tadubhayata: pradrutaM pradrutaatmaa |
udyaddhaasa: kadaachit kuhachidapi rudan kvaapi garjan pragaayan
unmaadiiva pranR^ityann ayi kuru karuNaaM lOka baahyashchareyam || 5 ||

भूतान्येतानि भूतात्मकम् अपि सकलं पक्षि मत्स्यान् मृगादीन्
मर्त्यान् मित्राणि शत्रूनपि यमितमति: त्वन्मयान्यानमानि ।
त्वत् सेवायां हि सिद्ध्येत् मम तव कृपया भक्तिदार्ढ्यं विराग:
त्वत् तत्त्वस्यावबोधोऽपि च भुवनपते यत्नभेदं विनैव ॥६॥

bhuutaanyetaani bhuutaatmakam api sakalaM pakshi matsyaan mR^igaadiin
martyaan mitraaNi shatruunapi yamitamati: tvanmayaanyaanamaani |
tvatsevaayaaM hi siddhyet mama tava kR^ipayaa bhaktidaarDhyaM viraaga:
tvat tattvasyaavabOdhO(a)pi cha bhuvanapate yatnabhedaM vinaiva || 6 ||

नो मुह्यन् क्षुत्तृडाद्यै: भवसरणिभवै: त्वन्निली नाशयत्वात्
चिन्तासातत्यशाली निमिष लवमपि त्वत् पदात् अप्रकम्प: ।
इष्टा निष्टेषु तुष्टि व्यसन विरहितो मायिकत्वावबोधात्
ज्योत्स्नाभि: त्वन्नखेन्दो: अधिक-शिशिरितेन आत्मना सञ्चरेयम् ॥७॥

nO muhyan kshuttR^iDaadyai: bhavasaraNi bhavai: tvannilii naashayatvaat
chintaasaatatyashaalii nimiSha lavamapi tvat padaat aprakampa: |
iShTaa niShTeShu tuShTi vyasana virahitO maayikatvaavabOdhaat
jyOtsnaabhi: tvannakhendO: adhika shishiritena atmanaa sanchareyam || 7 ||  

भूतेष्वेषु त्वदैक्य स्मृति समधिगतौ नाधिकारो अधुना चेत्
त्वत्प्रेम त्वत्कमैत्री जडमतिषु कृपा द्विट्सु भूयात् उपेक्षा ।
अर्चायां वा समर्चाकुतुकम् उरुतर श्रद्धया वर्धतां मे
त्वत् संसेवी तथापि द्रुतम् उपलभते भक्त लोकोत्तमत्वम् ॥८॥

bhuuteShveShu tvadaikya smR^iti samadhigatau naadhikaarO adhunaa chet
tvatprema tvatkamaitrii jaDamatiShu kR^ipaa dviTsu bhuuyaad upekshaa |
archaayaaM vaa samarchaa kutukam urutara shraddhayaa vardhataaM me
tvat samsevii tathaa(a)pi drutam upalabhate bhaktalOkOttamatvam || 8  ||

आवृत्य त्वत्स्वरूपं क्षिति जलमरुदाद्यात्मना विक्षिपन्ती
जीवान् भूयिष्ठ कर्मावलि विवश गतीन् दु:खजाले क्षिपन्ती ।
त्वन्माया मा अभिभूत् माम् अयि भुवनपते कल्पते तत्प्रशान्त्यै
त्वत्पादे भक्तिरेवेति अवदत् अयि विभो सिद्धयोगी प्रबुद्ध: ॥९॥

aavR^itya tvatsvaruupaM kshiti jalamarudaadyaatmanaa vikshipantii
jiivaan bhuuyiShTha karmaavali vivasha gatiin duHkhajaale kshipantii |
tvanmaayaa maa abhibhuut maam ayi bhuvanapate kalpate tatprashaantyai
tvatpaade bhaktireveti avadat ayi vibhO siddhayOgii prabuddha: || 9 ||

दु:खान्यालोक्य जन्तुषु अलमुदित विवेकोऽहम् आचार्यवर्यात्
ल्लब्ध्वा त्वत् रूप तत्वं गुणचरित कथादि उद्भवत् भक्ति भूमा ।
मायामेनां तरित्वा परम सुखमये त्वत्पदे मोदिताहे
तस्यायं पूर्वरङ्ग: पवनपुरपते नाशयाशेषरोगान् ॥१०॥

duHkhaanyaalOkya jantuShu alamudita vivekO(a)ham aachaaryavaryaat
labdhvaa tvat ruupa tattvaM guNacharita kathaadi udbhavat bhakti bhuumaa |
maayaamenaaM taritvaa parama sukhamaye tvatpade mOditaahe
tasyaayaM puurvaranga: pavanapurapate naashayaasheSharOgaan || 10 ||


-------Sri Krishnarpanam-------

Friday, 28 August 2020

NARAYANEEYAM DASAKAM - 90 - VISHNU MAHATVA STHAPANAM

Dasakam - 90 - Vishnu Mahatva Sthapanam






Bhattathiri completed stories about Lord and from this Dasakam onwards, speaks about his glory, philosophy and ways to reach him.

From the stories of Vrikasuran, Bhrigu Muni, Mohini avathara and Ambarisha, it is evident that Lord's glory rules over glory of all devas and devathas including Parameshwaran. What is formless and still not any different from the form of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva is the form of Lord. It can be concluded that amongst the trinities, Lord Narayana/Hari/Krishna has the greatest glory.

Shaivites mention five forms of gods, namely, Brahma, Vishnu, Shivan, Eshwaran, Sadasivam and say that Parameshwaran exists as these five forms.In this Sadashivam is one another form of the supreme Lord only. Eshwaran existing in vaikuntam is also the Lord Hari only. Lord exists in Brahmaloka in the form of Brahma, Shivaloka in the form of Shiva and Vaikunta in the form of Vishnu.

In trinities, the one who has maximum sattvic qualities, is mentioned as Vishnu, one who possess sattvic qualities but have more rajasic qualities is called as Brahma and the one who has more sattvic qualities but actions of tamasic qualities is called as Shankaran. Transcending the trinity, Lord is considered Supreme and is the essence of all. Shaivas consider Parameshwaran as the one form of Lord and there are enough proofs in support of this truth.

Bhagavatpada Shri Adi Shankaracharya who is considered as Shiva avathar, has respected and honoured Supreme Lord's form, the most. He never favoured one deity. He has written commentaries on sahasranama, Bhagavad Geetha and has said in them, that it all denotes Lord Narayana/Hari /Krishna only. He wrote works depicting Lord and sung his praises and attained moksha at the end. In this explanation about Manthra Sastras, Shri Adi Shankaracharya has mentioned Lord as supreme over the Trinity - Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. He has described Lord Narayana/Hari/Krishna as one appearing similar to a beautiful blue lily and one who is Lord of the universe, the Lord of all. When describing about Pranava, he has mentioned about Nishkala meditation on the Lord's supreme form only and not about forms of other deities.

In Purana sangraha, which summarizes all puranas, only Lord's glory has been discussed and explained. It is mentioned that Satyaloka where the trinities exist is bigger and glorious than the three worlds. Above Satyaloka is the Vaikunta, where Lord Narayana/Hari/Krishna exists and it is more glorious and transcending than Satyaloka. There are no reference to the abode of Shiva. The present Brahma Kalpa, in its beginning, Lord revealed his cosmic form to Brahma as mentioned in Second skandam of Srimad Bhagavatam.  Sri Madhvacharya who was devotee of Shiva has mentioned in his puranasara, this form of Lord revealed to Brahma only as Lord Vishnu, Shiva.

People who by their instinct in previous births are devoted to Shiva and for such people, the liberation come through firm devotion to Shiva. While encouraging and motivating such persons, Sage Vyasa in Puranas like Skanda, has spoken about glory of Shiva more that of Lord. Arthavadam is classified in to Bhoodarthavadam, Anuvadam, Vritta Arthavadam. Talking about how their God protected his devotees from bad elements it is called Bhoodaarthavadham. Talking the glory of their respective god and mentioning that it is the fortune of that particular individual to have the desire to worship that god, is Anuvadam.Talking about the negatives of the other gods to highlight the supremacy of their favourite deity is Vritta arthavadam. This is also to increase the devotion towards the favourite deity for that individual. Sage Vyasa has mentioned in skanda puranas that Vishnu possess more of thamo Gunas, have got advice from Shiva. This was to increase the devotion of the worshippers of Shiva and not to be considered as something where Lord's glory is spoken less.

Bhattathiri mentioned at this context, that he is ignorant and what little he tried to say above, were the ones, which have been explained well in Manthra Sashtras. Amongst various puranas scripted by Sage Vyasa, the most significant one is Bhagavata purana, in which he spoke glory of Lord Krishna. Bhattathiri worshipped that Lord to remove all his miseries and requested to make him more devoted to him. Guruvayoorappan from sanctum immediately nodded his head in approval.



Lyrics of Dasakam 90



वृक भृगु मुनि मोहिन् अम्बरीषादि वृत्तेषु
अयि तव हि महत्त्वं सर्व शर्वादि जैत्रम् ।
स्थितमिह परमात्मन् निष्कलार्वागभिन्नं
किमपि यदवभातं तद्धि रूपं तवैव ॥१॥

vR^ika bhR^igu muni mOhini ambariiShaadi vR^itteShu
ayi tava hi mahattvaM sarva sharvaadi jaitram |
sthitamiha paramaatman niShkalaarvaagabhinnaM
kimapi tadavabhaataM taddhi ruupaM tavaiva || 1 ||

मूर्ति त्रयेश्वर सदाशिव पञ्चकं यत्
प्राहु: परात्म वपुरेव सदाशिवोऽस्मिन् ।
तत्रेश्वरस्तु स विकुण्ठ पदस्त्वमेव
त्रित्वं पुनर्भजसि सत्य पदे त्रिभागे ॥२॥

muurti trayeshvara sadaashiva pa~nchakaM yat
praahu: paraatma vapureva sadaashivO(a)smin |
tatreshvarastu sa vikuNTha padastvameva
tritvaM punarbhajasi satya pade tribhaage || 2 ||

तत्रापि सात्त्विकतनुं तव विष्णुमाहु:
धाता तु सत्त्व विरलो रजसैव पूर्ण: ।
सत्त्वोत्कट त्वमपि चास्ति तमोविकार-
चेष्टादिकम् च तव शङ्कर नाम्नि मूर्तौ ॥३॥

tatraapi saattvikatanuM tava viShNumaahu:
dhaataa tu sattva viralO rajasaiva puurNa: |
sattvOtkaTatvamapi chaasti tamOvikaara-
cheShTaadikaM cha tava shankara naamni muurtau || 3 ||

तं च त्रिमूर्त्यतिगतं परपूरुषं त्वां
शर्वात्मनापि खलु सर्वमयत्व हेतो: ।
शंसन्त्युपासन विधौ तदपि स्वतस्तु
त्वत् रूपम् इत्यति दृढं बहु न: प्रमाणम् ॥४॥

taM cha trimuurtyatigataM parapuuruShaM tvaaM
sharvaatmanaa(a)pi khalu sarva mayatva hetO: |
shamsantyupaasana vidhau tadapi svatastu
tvad ruupam ityati dR^iDhaM bahu na: pramaaNam || 4 ||

श्रीशङ्करोऽपि भगवान् सकलेषु तावत्
त्वामेव मानयति यो न हि पक्षपाती ।
त्वन्निष्ठमेव स हि नाम सहस्रकादि
व्याख्यात् भवत्स्तुति परश्च गतिं गतोऽन्ते ॥५॥

shriishankarO(a)pi bhagavaan sakaleShu taavat
tvaameva maanayati yO na hi pakshapaatii |
tvanniShThameva sa hi naama sahasrakaadi
vyaakhyat bhavatstuti parashcha gatiM gatOnte || 5 ||

मूर्ति त्रयातिगम् उवाच च मन्त्रशास्त्र:
आदौ कलायसुषमं सकलेश्वरं त्वाम् ।
ध्यानं च निष्कलम् असौ प्रणवे खलूक्त्वा
त्वामेव तत्र सकलं निजगाद नान्यम् ॥६॥

muurti trayaatigam uvaacha cha mantrashaastra:
aadau kalaayasuShumaM sakaleshvaram tvaam |
dhyaanaM cha niShkalam asau praNave khaluuktvaa
tvaameva tatra sakalaM nijagaada naanyam || 6 ||

समस्त सारे च पुराण सङ्ग्रहे
विसंशयं त्वन्महिमैव वर्ण्यते ।
त्रिमूर्तियुक् सत्यपद त्रिभागत:
परं पदं ते कथितं न शूलिन: ॥७॥

samasta saare cha puraaNa sangrahe
visamshayaM tvanmahimaiva varNyate |
trimuurtiyuk satyapada tribhaagata:
paraM padaM te kathitaM na shuulina: || 7 ||

यत् ब्राह्मकल्प इह भागवत द्वितीय-
स्कन्धोदितं वपु: अनावृतम् ईश धात्रे ।
तस्यैव नाम हरि शर्वमुखं जगाद
श्रीमाधव: शिवपरोऽपि पुराण सारे ॥८॥

yad braahmakalpa iha bhaagavata dvitiiya-
skandhOditaM vapu: anaavR^itam iisha dhaatre |
tasyaiva naama hari sharvamukhaM jagaada
shriimaadhava: shivaparO(a)pi puraaNa saare || 8 ||

ये स्व प्रकृत्यनुगुणा गिरिशं भजन्ते
तेषां फलं हि दृढयैव तदीय भक्त्या।
व्यासो हि तेन कृतवान् अधिकारि हेतो:
स्कन्दादिकेषु तव हानि वचोऽर्थवादै: ॥९॥

ye sva prakR^ityanuguNaa girishaM bhajante
teShaaM phalaM hi dR^iDhayaiva tadiiya bhaktyaa |
vyaasO hi tena kR^itavaanadhikaarihetOH
skaandaadikeShu tava haanivachO(a)rthavaadaiH || 9 ||

भूतार्थ कीर्तिरनुवाद विरुद्धवादौ
त्रेधार्थवाद गतय: खलु रोचनार्था: ।
स्कान्दादिकेषु बहवोऽत्र विरुद्ध वादा:
त्वत् तामसत्व परिभूति उपशिक्षणाद्या: ॥१०॥

bhuutaartha kiirti ranuvaada viruddha vaadau
tredhaa(a)rthavaada: khalu rOchanaarthaa: |
skaandaadikeShu bahavO(a)tra viruddha vaadaa:
tvat taamasatva paribhuuti upashikshaNaadyaa: || 10 ||

यत् किञ्चिदपि अविदुषाऽपि विभो मयोक्तं
तन्मन्त्र शास्त्र वचनाद्यभि दृष्टमेव ।
व्यासोक्ति सारमय भागवतोप गीत
क्लेशान् विधूय कुरु भक्तिभरं परात्मन् ॥११॥

yatki~nchidapi aviduShaa(a)pi vibhO mayOktaM
tanmantra shaastra vachanaadyabhi dR^iShTameva |
vyaasOkti saaramaya bhaagavatOpa giita
kleshaan vidhuuya kuru bhaktibharaM paraatman || 11 ||


-------Sri Krishnarpanam--------

Tuesday, 25 August 2020

NARAYANEEYAM DASAKAM - 89 - VRIKASURA VADHAM AND SRI VISHNU PARATVAM

Dasakam - 89 - Vrikasura Vadham and 

Sri Vishnu Paratvam






Bhattathiri described the best results of Krishna upasanai. Guruvayoorappan, consort of Maha Lakshmi, never gives wealth immediately to those who are devoted to him. Wealth increases arrogance and madness. So he makes them humble and get a balanced state of mind before offering prosperity. At any time, Lord's devotees do not have less of anything.

There are people who pray Brahma and Shiva who can be easily pleased and angered, according to their nature. Due to absence of long standing goal, they are not successful in this attempt and end up angering the devatha. Vrikasuran, son of Shakuni is a best example for such people who worship other devathas for benefit and experience downfall. Once, Vrikasuran enquired Narada as to which God will give darshan easily on prayers. Narada suggested praying to Lord Shiva. Krishna is never happy with people possessing bad virtues. Hence Narada did not suggest his name.

Vrikasuran did severe penance for seven days and on the seventh day, he tried to cut his head. Shiva gave darshan to Vrikasuran. Immediately Vrikasuran requested mean and cruel boon, that the person on whose head he keeps his hand, that person should die. It is quite natural for non-devotees of Krishna to not possess good thoughts or actions. Shiva, Lord of three worlds, granted the boon. Immediately Vrikasuran tried to test this on Shiva himself. Shiva ran here and there to protect himself, but none in the three worlds came to his support. Finally Shiva reached Lord's abode, Vaikunta.

Seeing the asura running and approaching Vaikuntam, Krishna in the guise of a soft-spoken Brahmin went and stood before him. Krishna asked Vrikasuran, why he was running here and there to test the boon when he could test it simply on himself. Vrikasuran attracted by the charm of the brahmin, without thinking kept his hand on his head and fell like a tree whose root was cut. This is how downfall happens to those who worship devathas other than Krishna. Thus Krishna only protected Shiva, Lord of three worlds.

Once sages living along saraswati river got a doubt as to which god among trinities is more sattvic in nature, They sent sage Bhrigu to the three lokas on this mission. On reaching Brahma loka, Brigu did not pray to Brahma which angered him but then he controlled it. Next Brigu went to Shiva. Lord Shiva on seeing Bhrigu coming, ran towards him to hug him. Bhrigu pulled himself off and said Shiva does not follow perfect aacharams. This angered Shiva, however, Parvathy intervened and pacified Shiva. 

Then Bhrigu reached vaikunta. Krishna was sleeping on Mahalakshmi's lap. Sage Bhrigu went and kicked him on his chest. Krishna got up immediately, begged pardon and said the scar made by Bhrigu's kicking will remain like a jewel in his chest always. Sages at Saraswati river learnt about this incident through Bhrigu and concluded that Krishna is the only god to have sattvic virtue the most. The sages since then were completely devoted to Lord and reached  Moksham. Bhattathiri worshipped the Sattva form of Lord, which never had the quality of downfall from its total sattvic nature. When this universe was formed, the vedas and upanishads prayed to Lord. He is the only god who is in Sat-Chit-ananda form, advaitha form and Paramatma. Bhattathiri offered worship to that Lord, who is the fortune of Gopikas, to protect him from all sorrows. Lord Guruvayoorappan acknowledged his request by nodding his head immediately.


Lyrics of Dasakam 89



रमाजाने जाने यदिह तव भक्तेषु विभवो
न सद्य: सम्पद्य: तदिह मदकृत्त्वा दशमिनाम् ।
प्रशान्तिं कृत्वैव प्रदिशसि तत: काममखिलं
प्रशान्तेषु क्षिप्रं न खलु भवदीये च्युतिकथा ॥१॥

ramaajaane jaane yadiha tava bhakteShu vibhavO
na sadya: sampadya: tadiha madakR^ittvaa dashaminaam |
prashaantiM kR^itvaiva pradishasi tata: kaamamakhilaM
prashaanteShu kshipraM na khalu bhavadiiyechyuti kathaa || 1 ||

सद्य: प्रसाद रुषितान् विधि शङ्करादीन्
केचित्-विभो निजगुणानुगुणं भजन्त: ।
भ्रष्टा भवन्ति बत कष्टमदीर्घदृष्ट्या स्पष्टं वृकासुर उदाहरणं किलास्मिन् ॥२॥

sadyaH prasaadaruShitaan vidhishankaraadiin
kechidvibhO nijaguNaanuguNaM bhajantaH |
bhraShTaa bhavanti bata kaShTam adiirgha dR^iShTyaa
spaShTaM vR^ikaasura udaaharaNaM kilaasmin || 2 ||

शकुनिज: स तु नारदमेकदा
त्वरिततोषम् अपृच्छदधीश्वरम् ।
स च दिदेश गिरीशम् उपासितुं
न तु भवन्तम् अबन्धुम् असाधुषु ॥३॥

shakunija: sa tu naaradamekadaa
tvaritatOSham apR^ichChadadhiishvaram |
sa cha didesha giriisham upaasituM
na tu bhavantam abandhum asaadhuShu || 3 ||

तपस्तप्त्वा घोरं स खलु कुपित: सप्तम दिने
 शिर: छित्वा सद्य: पुरहरम् उपस्थाप्य पुरत: ।
अतिक्षुद्रं रौद्रं शिरसि करदानेन निधनं
जगन्नाथात् वव्रे भवति विमुखानां क्व शुभधी: ॥४॥

tapastaptvaa ghOraM sa khalu kupita: saptama dine
shirashChitvaa sadya: puraharam upasthaapya purata: |
atikshudraM raudraM shirasi karadaanena nidhanaM
jagannaathaat vavre bhavati vimukhaanaaM kva shubhadhii: || 4 ||

मोक्तारं बन्धमुक्तो हरिणपतिरिव प्राद्रवत्सोऽथ रुद्रं
दैत्यात् भीत्या स्म देवो दिशि दिशि वलते पृष्ठतो दत्तदृष्टि: ।
तूष्णीके सर्वलोके तव पदम् अधिरोक्ष्यन्तम् उद्वीक्ष्य शर्वं
दूरादेवाग्रतस्त्वं पटुवटु वपुषा तस्थिषे दानवाय ॥५॥

mOktaaraM bandhamuktO hariNapatiriva praadravat sO(a)tha rudraM
daityaat bhiityaa sma devO dishi dishi valate pR^iShThatO dattadR^iShTi: |
tuuShNiike sarvalOke tava padam adhirOkshyantam udviikshya sharvaM
duuraadevaagratastvaM paTuvaTu vapuShaa tasthiShe daanavaaya || 5 ||

भद्रं ते शाकुनेय भ्रमसि किमधुना त्वं पिशाचस्य वाचा
सन्देहश्चेन्म दुक्तौ तव किमु न करोषि अङ्गुलीमङ्ग मौलौ ।
इत्थं त्वद्वाक्यमूढ: शिरसि कृतकर: सोऽपतच्छिन्नपातं
भ्रंशो ह्येवं परोपासितुरपि च गति: शूलिनोऽपि त्वमेव ॥६||

bhadraM te shaakuneya bhramasi kimadhunaa tvaM pishaachasya vaachaa
sandehashchenma duktau tava kimu na karOShi anguliimanga maulau |
itthaM tvadvaakya muuDha: shirasi kR^itakara: sO(a)patachChinna paataM
bhramshO hyevaM parOpaasiturapi cha gatiH shuulinO(a)pi tvameva || 6 ||

भृगुं किल सरस्वती निकट वासिनस्तापसा:
त्रिमूर्तिषु समादिशन् अधिक सत्त्वतां वेदितुम् ।
अयं पुनरनादरात् उदित रुद्ध रोषे विधौ
हरेऽपि च जिहिंसिषौ गिरिजया धृते त्वाम् अगात् ॥७॥

bhR^iguM kila sarasvatii nikaTa vaasinastaapasaa:
trimuurtiShu samaadishann adhika sattvataaM veditum |
ayaM punaranaadaraat udita ruddha rOShe vidhau
hare(a)pi cha jihimsiShau girijayaa dhR^ite tvaam agaat || 7

सुप्तं रमाङ्कभुवि पङ्कज लोचनं त्वां
विप्रे विनिघ्नति पदेन मुदोत्थितस्त्वम् ।
सर्वं क्षमस्व मुनिवर्य भवेत् सदा मे
त्वत् पादचिन्हमिह भूषणम् इत्यवादी: ॥८॥

suptaM ramaankabhuvi pankaja lOchanaM tvaaM
vipre vinighnati padena mudOtthitastvam |
sarvaM kshamasva munivarya bhavet sadaa me
tvat paadachihnamiha bhuuShaNam ityavaadii: || 8 ||

 निश्चित्य ते च सुदृढं त्वयि बद्धभावा:
सारस्वता मुनिवरा दधिरे विमोक्षम् ।
त्वामेवमच्युत पुनश्च्युति दोषहीनं
सत्त्वोच्चयैक तनुमेव वयं भजाम: ॥९॥

nishchitya te cha sudR^iDhaM tvayi baddhabhaavaa:
saarasvataa munivaraa dadhire vimOksham |
tvaamevamachyuta punashchyuti dOShahiinaM
satvOchchayaika tanumeva vayaM bhajaama: || 9 ||

जगत् सृष्ट्यादौ त्वां निगम निवहै: वन्दिभिरिव
स्तुतं विष्णो सच्चित् परम रस निर्द्वैत वपुषम् ।
परात्मानं भूमन् पशुप वनिता भाग्य निवहं
परितापश्रान्त्यै पवन पुरवासिन् परि भजे ॥१०॥

jagat sR^iShTyaadau tvaaM nigama nivahai: vandibhiriva
stutaM viShNO sachchit parama rasa nirdvaita vapuSham |
paraatmaanaM bhuuman pashupa vanitaa bhaagya nivahaM
pariitaapashraantyai pavana puravaasin pari bhaje ||10 ||


--------Sri Krishnarpanam-------

Tuesday, 18 August 2020

NARAYANEEYAM DASAKAM - 88 - SANTHANA GOPALAM


Dasakam - 88 - Santhana Gopalam





Earlier, Krishna had brought back the life of Guru Sandeepani's son and returned him to his guru as guru dakshina. Quoting this incident, Devaki requested Krishna to show her, the six children born to her and got killed by Kamsa. Krishna went to Suthala, where he was honoured by Mahabali. Earlier due to Brahma's curse, Sage Marichi's sons were born as children of Hiranyakashipu and eventually they were born as Vasudeva's children. After bringing the children from Suthala loka and showing the children to Devaki, Krishna sent them to Devaloka.

At Mithila, there were two devotees of Krishna, Sruthadevan, famous Brahmin and King called Bahulasvan. At their invite, Krishna went to both the houses at the same time, taking two forms. While Bahulasvan being a king, offered a grand welcome and pooja with gold and expensive items, Sruthadevan  offered fruits, vegetables available on that day and performed Pooja. Krishna blessed both of them equally and gave them moksham.

One Brahmin at Dwaraka lost his child and was in grief. His family was ranting about the loss.  Hearing the brahmin's lamentation, Krishna said that no one can go against destiny. Actually Krishna wanted to remove the pride of Arjuna and change his immature thought that Krishna is just a human like himself, show him the vaikuntam and make him realise that Krishna is paramatma swaroopam. Hence he acted as if he neglected the brahmin's complaint. 

Like this, the brahmin got eight children and all of them died. People in Dwaraka began to speak that such sorrows happen only due to Krishna's indifference to the brahmin's woes. Around that time, Arjuna came to Dwaraka to live with his friend Krishna. At the same time, the brahmin lost his ninth child also and brahmin's grief and wailing had no limits. Seeing his condition, Arjuna made a vow that he would bring back his children, else would jump into the fire. 

Thinking that he is the protector of people who come to him, Arjuna without even asking Krishna, went  to the brahmin's house and protected the delivery room with row of arrows and still the Brahmin lost his baby. Arjuna went to Yama, Indra loka with his yogic powers and searched for the children but in vain. When he tried to jump into the fire to keep up his vow, Krishna prevented him. He took Arjuna quickly in his chariot in the west direction to Loka lokam, which was dark. Krishna using his sudarshana chakra removed the darkness and facilitated Arjuna to see Vaikunta, Krishna's abode. Arjuna saw Krishna, who is greatest among trinities and who is the originator of Vedas and scriptures, lying on bed made by adhiseshan, completely decked with jewellery and holding weapons, with Mahalakshmi in his chest. Arjuna saw Krishna himself as the supreme form there and prostrated to that form along with Krishna.

Lord at Vaikuntam told Arjuna that both of you are myself. But divinity is potent in one form(paramathma) and latent in the other (Jeevathma), which is the cause of difference between Krishna and Arjuna. To make Arjuna understand this fact, Lord abducted  the children. Arjuna with pride shattered, prostrated at Lord's feet and offered prayers. Lord at Vaikuntam, gave back the children which was returned to the brahmin. Like this, Krishna through his leelas delighted the world, made the vrishni clan prosper, pleased the beautiful eyed wives with his sportive activities and helped brahmins perform yagnas. In order to reduce the burden of the earth, he liberated many devotees who surrendered at this lotus feet and helped them cross the ocean of Samsara, which was the main reason for his incarnation. Krishna was the incarnate of the infinite brahman which appeared in human form amongst the yadava clan.

Sage Narada, an ardent devotee of the Lord was staying in Dwaraka most of the time. Vasudevan, virtuous father of Krishna received the insight in to spiritual knowledge from Sage Narada. Uddhavar, the prime devotee and intelligent amongst all devotees of Lord, attained spiritual knowledge from Krishna. He continues to stay at Bhadri for the benefit of mankind. The incarnation of Krishna is one of the best incarnations where everyone overcame the sorrows and could attain spiritual union with Lord effortlessly. Pandavas with their friendship, Kamsan through his fear, Nandan and vasudevan through their affection, Shishupalan through his hatred, Gopikas through their attachment, attained Moksham. Bhattathiri requested the Lord who incarnated for removal of sorrows. to bless him and all of us too with complete devotion. Lord Guruvayoorappan acknowledged his request immediately.


Lyrics of Dasakam 88



प्रागेवाचार्य पुत्राहृति निशमनया स्वीय षट्सूनुवीक्षां
काङ्क्षन्त्या मातुरुक्त्या सुतलभुवि बलिं प्राप्य तेनार्चितस्त्वम् ।
धातु: शापात् हिरण्यान्वित कशिपु भवान् शौरिजान् कंसभग्नान्
आनानीयैनान् प्रदर्श्य स्वपदमनयथा: पूर्वपुत्रान् मरीचे: ॥१॥

praagevaachaarya putraahR^iti nishamanayaa sviiya ShaTsuunuviikshaaM
kaankshantyaa maaturuktyaa sutalabhuvi baliM praapya tenaarchitastvam |
dhaatu: shaapaat hiraNyaanvita kashipu bhavaan shaurijaan kamsabhagnaan
aaniiyainaan pradarshya svapadamanayathaa: puurvaputraan mariiche: || 1 ||

श्रुतदेव इति श्रुतं द्विजेन्द्रं
बहुलाश्वं नृपतिं च भक्ति पूर्णम् ।
युगपत्त्वम् अनुग्रहीतु कामो
मिथिलां प्रापिथं तापसै: समेत: ॥२॥

shrutadeva iti shrutaM dvijendraM
bahulaashvaM nR^ipatin cha bhakti puurNam |
yugapattvam anugrahiitu kaamO
mithilaaM praapitha taapasai: sameta: || 2 ||
 
गच्छन् द्विमूर्ति: उभयो: युगपन्निकेतम्
एकेन भूरि विभवै: विहितोपचार: ।
अन्येन तद्दिन भृतैश्च फलौदनाद्यै:
स्तुल्यं प्रसेदिथ ददाथ च मुक्तिमाभ्याम् ॥३॥

gachChan dvimuurti: ubhayO: yugapan-niketam
ekena bhuuri vibhavai: vihitOpachaara: |
anyena taddina bhR^itaishcha phalaudanaadyai:
tulyaM praseditha dadaatha cha muktimaabhyaam || 3 ||

भूयोऽथ द्वारवत्यां द्विज तनय मृतिं तत् प्रलापानपि त्वम्
को वा दैवं निरुन्ध्यात् इति किल कथयन् विश्ववोढाप्यसोढा: ।
जिष्णोर्गर्वं विनेतुं त्वयि मनुज धिया कुण्ठितां चास्य बुद्धिं
तत्त्वारूढां विधातुं परमतमपद प्रेक्षणेनेति मन्ये ॥४॥

bhuuyO(a)tha dvaaravatyaaM dvija tanaya mR^itiM tat pralaapaanapi tvaM
kO vaa daivaM nirundhyaat iti kila kathayan vishvavODhaa(a)pyasO(a)DhaaH |
jiShNOrgarvaM vinetuM tvayi manuja dhiyaa kuNThitaaM chaasya buddhiM
tattvaaruuDhaaM vidhaatuM paramatamapada perakshaNeneti manye || 4 ||

नष्टा अष्टास्य पुत्रा: पुनरपि तव तूपेक्षया कष्टवाद:
स्पष्टो जातो जनानामथ तदवसरे द्वारकामाप पार्थ: ।
मैत्र्या तत्रोषितोऽसौ नवमसुतमृतौ विप्रवर्यप्ररोदं
श्रुत्वा चक्रे प्रतिज्ञाम् अनुपहृत सुत: सन्निवेक्ष्ये कृशानुम् ॥५॥
 
naShTaa aShTaasya putraa: punarapi tava tuupekshayaa kaShTavaada:
spaShTO jaatO janaanaamatha tadavasare dvaarakaamaapa paartha: |
maitryaa tatrOShitO(a)sau navamasutamR^itau vipravaryaprarOdaM
shrutvaa chakre pratij~naaM anupahR^ita suta: sannivekshye kR^ishaanum || 5 ||
 
मानी स त्वाम् अपृष्ट्वा द्विजनिलयगतो बाणजालै: महास्त्रै
रुन्धान: सूतिगेहं पुनरपि सहसा दृष्टनष्टे कुमारे ।
याम्यामैन्द्रीं तथाऽन्या: सुरवर नगरी: विद्ययाऽऽसाद्य सद्यो
मोघोद्योग: पतिष्यन् हुतभुजि भवता सस्मितं वारितोऽभूत् ॥६॥

maanii sa tvaam apR^iShTvaa dvijanilayagatO baaNajaalai: mahaastrai:
rundhaana: suutigehaM punarapi sahasaa dR^iShTa naShTe kumaare |
yaamyaamaindriiM tathaa(a)nyaa: suravara nagarii: vidyayaa(a)(a)saadya sadyO
mOghOdyOga: patiShyan hutabhuji bhavataa sasmitaM vaaritO(a)bhuut || 6 ||
 
सार्धं तेन प्रतीचीं दिशमतिजविना स्यन्दनेनाभियातो
लोकालोकं व्यतीत: तिमिरभरमथो चक्रधाम्ना निरुन्धन् ।
चक्रांशु क्लिष्ट दृष्टिं स्थितमथ विजयं पश्य पश्येति वारां
पारे त्वं प्राददर्श: किमपि हि तमसां दूरदूरं पदं ते ॥७॥

saardhaM tena pratiichiiM dishamati javinaa syandanenaabhiyaatO
lOkaalOkaM vyatiita: timirabharamathO chakradhaamnaa nirundhan |
chakraamshu kliShTa dR^iShTiM sthitamatha vijayaM pashya pashyeti vaaraaM
paare tvaM praadadarsha: kimapi hi tamasaaM duura duuraM padaM te || 7 ||

तत्रासीनं भुजङ्गाधिप शयन तले दिव्य भूषायुधाद्यै:
रावीतं पीतचेलं प्रति नव जलद श्यामलं श्रीमदङ्गम् ।
मूर्तीनाम् ईशितारं परमिह तिसृणाम् एकमर्थं श्रुतीनां
त्वामेव त्वं परात्मन् प्रिय सख सहितो नेमिथ क्षेमरूपम् ॥८॥

tatraasiinaM bhujangaadhipa shayana tale divyabhuuShaayudhaadyai:
aaviitaM piitachelaM prati nava jalada shyaamalaM shriimadangam |
muurtiinaam iishitaaraM paramiha tisR^iNaam ekamarthaM shrutiinaaM
tvaameva tvaM paraatman priya sakha sahitO nemitha kshemaruupam || 8 ||
 
युवां मामेव द्वौ अधिक विवृतान्तर्हिततया
विभिन्नौ सन्द्रष्टुं स्वयम् अहमहार्षं द्विजसुतान् ।
नयेतं द्रागेतानिति खलु वितीर्णान् पुनरमून्
द्विजाय आदायादा: प्रणुत महिमा पाण्डु जनुषा ॥९॥

yuvaaM maameva dvaav adhika vivR^itaantarhitatayaa
vibhinnau sandraShTuM svayam ahamahaarShaM dvijasutaan |
nayetaM draagetaaniti khalu vitiirNaan punaramuun
dvijaaya adaayaadaa: praNuta mahimaa paaNDu januShaa || 9 ||

एवं नानाविहारै: जगदभिरमयन् वृष्णिवंशं प्रपुष्णन्
ईजानो यज्ञभेदै: अतुल विहृतिभि: प्रीणयन्नेण नेत्रा: ।
भूभार क्षेपदम्भात् पद कमलजुषां मोक्षणायावतीर्ण:
पूर्णं ब्रह्मैव साक्षात् यदुषु मनुजता रूषितस्त्वं व्यलासी: ॥१०॥

evaM naanaavihaarai: jagadabhiramayan vR^iShNivamshaM prapuShNan
iijaanO yaj~nabhedai: atulavihR^itibhi: priiNayanneNa netraa: |
bhuubhaara kshepadambhaat pada kamalajuShaaM mOkshaNaayaavatiirNa:
puurNaM brahmaiva saakshaat yaduShu manujataa ruuShitastvaM vyalaasii: || 10 ||

प्रायेण द्वारवत्याम् अवृतदयि तदा नारदस्त्वत् रसार्द्र:
तस्माल्लेभे कदाचित् खलु सुकृत निधि: त्वत् पिता तत्त्वबोधम् ।
भक्तानाम् अग्रयायी स च खलु मतिमान् उद्धवस्त्वत्त एव
प्राप्तो विज्ञानसारं स किल जनहिताया-अधुनाऽऽस्ते बदर्याम् ॥११॥

praayeNa dvaaravatyaam avR^itadayi tadaa naaradastvat rasaardra:
tasmaallebhe kadaachit khalu sukR^ita nidhi: tvat pitaa tattvabOdham |
bhaktaanaam agrayaayii sa cha khalu matimaan uddhavastvatta eva
praaptO vij~naanasaaraM sa kilajanahitaaya-adhunaa(a)(a)ste badaryaam || 11 ||

सोऽयं कृष्णावतारो जयति तव विभो यत्र सौहार्दभीति-
स्नेह द्वेषानुराग प्रभृतिभि: अतुलै: अश्रमै: योगभेदै: ।
आर्तिं तीर्त्वा समस्ताम् अमृत पदम् अगु: सर्वत: सर्वलोका:
स त्वं विश्वार्ति शान्त्यै पवनपुरपते भक्ति पूर्त्यै च भूया: ॥१२॥

sO(a)yaM kR^iShNaavataarO jayati tava vibhO yatra sauhaarda bhiiti
sneha dveShaanuraaga prabhR^itibhi: atulai: ashramai: yOgabhedai: |
aartiM tiirtvaa samastaam amR^ita padamagu: sarvata: sarvalOkaa:
sa tvaM vishvaarti shaantyai pavanapurapate bhakti puurtyai cha bhuuyaa: || 12 ||
 

--------Sri Krishnarpanam-------

Sunday, 16 August 2020

NARAYANEEYAM DASAKAM - 87 - KUCHELOPAKYANAM

Dasakam - 87 - Kuchelopakyanam






During Krishna's stay at Saandeepani Ashram, a brahmin named Kuchela studied in the gurukul along with him. He was always deeply devoted to Krishna, as a result he had controlled state of mind and was not having interests on any worldly desires. Kuchela's wife was equally of the same nature, less the balanced state of mind. One day, she suggested to Kuchela to go and meet his friend Krishna, consort of Mahalakshmi to get some means to manage the livelihood. 

Kuchels's wife suggested the above, only because of the miseries faced due to hunger. Kuchela did not have interest in wealth and knows that possession of it, can make one mad. Still due to interest in meeting Krishna, he took the suggestion and left with some beaten rice folded and kept in his cloth, to give as gift to Krishna.When Kuchela entered Dwaraka, he felt happy as though he has entered Vaikuntam. Krishna welcomed him with honours which made Kuchela more happy. 

Krishna asked his wife to fan for his friend and he did the pooja. Krishna held the hands of Kuchela and discussed memories of their stay at Saandeepani ashram. Krishna reminded him of an instance, when Guru-pathni sent them to forest to bring wooden logs for fire and they were caught unaware in rain and how they managed it. While Kuchela was embarrassed at the hospitality and affection showered on him, Krishna snatched forcibly the beaten rice which Kuchela was feeling shy to give it to him. Krishna took one handful of beaten rice and ate it with affection. When he took the second time, Rukmini stopped Krishna from eating further and alerted Krishna that they have no more wealth to give Kuchela if Krishna eats the beaten rice, the second time. 

The whole night Krishna spent happily with his devotee and friend Kuchela, talking all stories of their student hood and next day morning Kuchela returned to his place without asking Krishna for anything. Yet strange are the ways, Krishna shows mercy and compassion for his devotees. While on his return, Kuchela wondered what answer he can give to his wife. Perhaps if he had requested wealth, Krishna would have given but he felt too embarrassed to ask anything. Then he drowned himself in the thoughts of happy times spent with Krishna and reached home. 

On entering his house, Kuchela was stunned and even doubted if he had entered a wrong house. He saw his wife decked with ornaments made of gold and rubies, surrounded by her friends. Kuchela felt overwhelmed and surprised at Lord's mercy. Though Kuchela lived in the palatial house made of rubies, he spent his days fixing his mind on Krishna and after living long time, he reached Moksham. Bhattathiri worshipped the Lord, who was kind enough to grant desires of his devotee and friend Kuchela, to cure his ailments.


Lyrics of Dasakam 87 




कुचेल नामा भवत: सतीर्थ्यतां 
गत: स सान्दीपनि मन्दिरे द्विज: ।
त्वदेक रागेण धनादि निस्स्पृहो 
दिनानि निन्ये प्रशमी गृहाश्रमी ॥१॥

kuchela naamaa bhavata: satiirthyataaM
gata: sa saandiipani mandire dvija: |
tvadeka raageNa dhanaadi niHspR^ihO
dinaani ninye prashamii gR^ihaashramii || 1 ||

समान शीलाऽपि तदीय वल्लभा 
तथैव नो चित्तजयं समेयुषी ।
कदाचिदूचे बत वृत्ति लब्धये 
रमापति: किं न सखा निषेव्यते ॥२॥

samaana shiilaapi tadiiya vallabhaa
tathaiva nO chittajayaM sameyuShii |
kadaachiduuche bata vR^ittilabdhaye
ramaapatiH kiM na sakhaa niShevyate || 2 ||

इतीरितोऽयं प्रियया क्षुधार्तया
जुगुप्समानोऽपि धने मदावहे ।
तदा त्वदालोकन कौतुकात् ययौ
वहन् पटान्ते पृथुकानुपायनम् ॥३॥

itiiritO(a)yaM priyayaa kshudhaa(a)(a)rtayaa
jugupsamaanO(a)pi dhane madaavahe |
tadaa tvadaalOkana kautukaat yayau
vahan paTaante pR^ithukaanupaayanam || 3  ||

गतोऽयम् आश्चर्यमयीं भवत्पुरीं 
गृहेषु शैब्या भवनं समेयिवान् ।
प्रविश्य वैकुण्ठम् इवाप निर्वृतिं 
तवाति सम्भावनया तु किं पुन: ॥४॥

gatO(a)yam aashcharyamayiiM bhavatpuriiM
gR^iheShu shaibyaa bhavanaM sameyivaan |
pravishya vaikuNTham ivaapa nirvR^itiM
tavaati sambhaavanayaa tu kiM puna: || 4 ||

प्रपूजितं तं प्रियया च वीजितं 
करे गृहीत्वा अकथय: पुराकृतम् ।
यदिन्धनार्थं गुरुदार चोदितै:
अपर्तुवर्ष तदमर्षि कानने ॥५॥

prapuujitaM taM priyayaa cha viijitaM
kare gR^ihiitvaa (a)kathaya: puraakR^itam |
yadindhanaarthaM gurudaara chOditai:
apartu varShaM tadamarShi kaanane || 5 ||

त्रपाजुषोऽस्मात् पृथुकं बलादथ 
प्रगृह्य मुष्टौ सकृदाशिते त्वया ।
कृतं कृतं नन्वियतेति संभ्रमाद्रमात्
रमा किलोपेत्य करं रुरोध ते ॥६॥

trapaajuShO (a)smaat pR^ithukaM balaadatha
pragR^ihya muShTau sakR^idaashite tvayaa |
kR^itaM kR^itaM nanviyateti sambhramaad
ramaa kilOpetya karaM rurOdha te || 6 ||

भक्तेषु भक्तेन स मानितस्त्वया 
पुरीं वसन्नेक निशां महासुखम् ।
बतापरेद्यु: र्द्रविणं विना ययौ 
विचित्र रूप: तव खल्वनुग्रह: ॥७॥

bhakteShu bhaktena sa maanitastvayaa
puriiM vasanneka nishaaM mahaasukham |
bataaparedyu: draviNaM vinaa yayau
vichitra ruupa: tava khalvanugraha: || 7 ||

यदि ह्ययाचिष्यम् अदास्यदच्युतो 
वदामि भार्यां किमिति व्रजन्नसौ ।
त्वदुक्ति लीलास्मित मग्नधी: पुन: 
क्रमादपश्यन् मणि दीप्रमालयम् ॥८॥

yadi hyayaachiShyam adaasyadachyutO
vadaami bhaaryaaM kimiti vrajannasau |
tvadukti liilaasmita magnadhii: puna:
kramaadapashyan maNi diipramaalayam || 8 ||

किं मार्ग विभ्रंश इति भ्रंमन् क्षणं 
गृहं प्रविष्ट: स ददर्श वल्लभाम् ।
सखी परीतां मणिहेम भूषितां 
बुबोध च त्वत् करुणां महाद्भुताम् ॥९॥

kiM maarga vibhramsha iti bhraman kshaNaM
gR^ihaM praviShTaH sa dadarsha vallabhaam |
sakhii pariitaaM maNihema bhuuShitaaM
bubOdha cha tvat karuNaaM mahaadbhutaam || 9 ||

स रत्नशालासु वसन्नपि स्वयं 
समुन्नमद् भक्ति भरोऽमृतं ययौ ।
त्वमेवम् आपूरित भक्त वाञ्छितो 
मरुत्पुराधीश हरस्व मे गदान् ॥१०॥

sa ratnashaalaasu vasannapi svayaM
samunnamad bhakti bharO(a)mR^itaM yayau |
tvamevam aapuurita bhakta vaanChitO
marutpuraadhiisha harasva me gadaan || 10 ||


-------Sri Krishnarpanam-------

Friday, 14 August 2020

NARAYANEEYAM DASAKAM - 86 - SAALVA VADHAM AND MAHABHARATA YUDDHAM

Dasakam - 86 - Saalva Vadham and 

Mahabharata Yuddham



Saalvan was defeated during Rukmini kalyanam by yadava army. He prayed to Lord Parameswara and got Soubham, the aerial car as boon from him. When Krishna left to Indraprastha for the rajasuya yagna, Saalvan attacked Dwaraka. Pradyumna fought with him courageously and killed his minister Dhyuman. The battle went on for 27 days. Krishna came to Dwaraka with Balarama and destroyed Saalvan's army. Saalvan pushed Krishna's bow and arrow down and with his magic made a fake Vasudeva, Krishna's father and killed him, to confuse Krishna. Some say that even Krishna did not realise that it was an illusion for some time. But Sage Vyasa has denied that fact.

Krishna broke the aerial car with his mace and threw it in the ocean. Krishna killed Saalvan by chopping his head with the Sudarshan Chakra. Dantavakra opposed Krishna and continued to fight with him. Krishna took his Kowmodahi and killed Dantavakra. Since he was virtuous and devoted to Krishna in his previous birth, he merged with Lord just like Shishupala and attained Salvation, Bhattathiri wondered, if Krishna's avatar itself was only to give salvation to his devotees who had their minds fixed on the Lord in their previous births.

After Krishna returned to Dwaraka, Duryodana, who could not bear insult by Draupadi and Bhima, invited Pandavas for a game of dice at Hastinapur. Duryodhana tricked Yudhisthira in this game and with help of his maternal uncle Sakuni, he won the game. As a result, Yudhisthira lost wealth, his brothers, himself and finally Draupadi. Duchaadanan, brother of Duryodhana, brought Draupadi forcibly to the court holding her hair and stripped her for clothes from her hip. Helpless Draupadi cried and surrendered to Krishna for help and he granted her endless length of clothes and protected her modesty at the assembly of Kurus. Later during the pandavas stay in the forest, Sage Durvasa visited them after they had taken food. Dharmaputra did pooja for the rishi and requested him to have food at their place. Rishi also agreed and went to take bath at the river. Draupadi had a divine bowl given by Surya God which can give food only once. After consuming it that day and bowl washed, it did not have the power to give food again. Draupadi was helpless again and in the fear of Rishi's curse, she prayed to Krishna. Krishna went there and consumed the speck of greens sticking to the vessel and satiated the hunger of Durvasa rishi and other sages who accompanied him.

When the fight between Pandavas and Kauravas was planned, Arjuna requested Krishna's help on his side while Duryodhana requested only Krishna's army on his side. Krishna granted the army to Duryodhana and stood by Arjuna's side. Then Krishna went as a messenger to Hastinapur at the request of Pandavas to see if he can stop the fight from happening. Though Bhishma and Drona were happy with his coming, Duryodhana refused any peace talks. Krishna showed his Cosmic form to the assembly of sages and shook the entire Hastinapur and returned to Dwaraka.

In the battle field, Krishna played the role of Charioteer to Arjuna. Seeing his own relatives and acharyas on the opposite front at the battle field, the compassionate Arjuna was upset and had no will to kill them. Krishna looked at the sad and dejected warrior and questioned him why he was sad? He advised Arjuna that Aatma is eternal and one. There is an atma in every form of life which is pure and cannot be destroyed. Hence asked him to leave the fear of killing his relatives and asked him to surrender his mind to Krishna and do his rightful duty as Kshatriya. Krishna revealed his cosmic form to Arjuna which restored balance to his confused mind.

Bhishma, one of the prime devotees of Krishna, attacked and killed 10000 warriors everyday to aid Krishna's intention of reducing the evil in the world. Arjuna had become tired of resisting Bheeshma;'s arrows. Noticing this, Krishna who had vowed not to take weapons in the war, broke the vow and took the Sudarshan chakra and ran towards Bhishma as if he was angry. Bheeshma put his weapons down and put his head down and prayed to Krishna. This pleased Krishna and he returned back. When Arjuna was fighting with Drona, Narakasura's son Bhagadatta used Vaishnava Asthram to kill Arjuna. Krishna took the asthram on his chest thereby protecting Arjuna. Then he masked sunlight and made Arjuna kill Jayathrathan. Karna used his Nagastra to kill Arjuna. Krishna stepped his foot hard and made the chariot go few inches below the earth and let the arrow take Arjuna's crown but spare his life. Bhattathiri was surprised at the various feats of Krishna to protect Pandavas.

Before the start of the battle, Balaram went on pilgrimage to Naimisharanya. When Balaram reached Naimisharanya, Sutha Puranikar did not get up to respect him and hence Balaram killed him. He then made Sutha Puranikar's son assume his father's position there to continue conducting the discourses. Valkalan, an asura was destroying the yagnas conducted during various seasons. Balarama killed Balvalan and completed his pilgrimage and returned at the time when Duryodhana and Bhima were fighting with mace terrifically towards the end of the battle. After watching the prolonged fight, Balarama returned to Dwaraka.

Drona's son Ashwathama killed Draupadi's sons, the upa-pandavas while they were sleeping. Krishna advised Arjuna to retract the Brahmastra sent by Ashwathama in a bid to kill Arjuna. The Asthra discharged by Arjuna clipped of Ashwathama's crest Jewel. As per Krishna's advice, Arjuna took possession of the crest jewel. Later Ashwathama in a bid to remove future generations of Pandavas sent a Brahmastra in to Uttara's (Abhimanyu's wife) womb to kill the foetus. Uttara worshipped Krishna to protect her. Krishna took a miniscule form of the size of a thumb and entered her womb with sudarshan chakra and protected Uttara and the foetus.

Bhishma who was defeated in the war and the one who had the power of deciding the moment of his death, was lying in the bed of arrows. He advised all about Dharmas to Yudhisthira. Then by his will, keeping his vision fixed on Krishna, Bheeshma took his last breath and attained Salvation. Krishna enabled Yudhisthira to perform three yagnas to fulfill all his aspirations and returned to Dwaraka. Bhattathiri worshipped the Lord who did so much acts to protect Pandavas and uphold Dharma on Earth, and requested to protect him too from all his ailments.


Lyrics of Dasakam 86



साल्वो भैष्मी विवाहे यदुबल विजित: चन्द्रचूडात् विमानं
विन्दन् सौभं स मायी त्वयि वसति कुरून् त्वत् पुरीम् अभ्यभाङ्क्षीत् ।
प्रद्युम्नस्तं निरुन्धन् निखिल यदुभटै: र्न्यग्रहीदुग्र वीर्यं
तस्यामात्यं द्युमन्तं व्यजनि च समर: सप्तविंशत्यहान्त: ॥१॥

saalvO bhaiShmii vivaahe yadubala vijita: chandrachuuDaat vimaanaM
vindan saubhaM sa maayii tvayi vasati kuruun tvatpuriim abhyabhaankshiit |
pradyumnastaM nirundhan nikhila yadubhaTai: nyagrahiidugra viiryaM
tasyaamaatyaM dyumantaM vyajani cha samara: saptavimshatyahaantam || 1 ||

तावत्त्वं रामशाली त्वरितमुपगत: खण्डित प्रायसैन्यं
सौभेशं तं न्यरुन्धा: स च किल गदया शार्ङ्गम् अभ्रंशयत्ते ।
मायातातं व्यहिंसीदपि तव पुरत: तत्त्वयापि क्षणार्धं
नाज्ञायीत्याहुरेके तदिदम् अवमतं व्यास एव न्यषेधीत् ॥२॥

taavattvaM raamashaalii tvaritamupagata: khaNDita praayasainyaM
saubheshaM taM nyarundhaa: sa cha kila gadayaa shaarngam abhramshayatte |
maayaataataM vyahimsiidapi tava purata: tattvayaapi kshaNaardhaM
naajnaayiityaahureke tadidam avamataM vyaasa eva nyaShedhiit || 2 ||

क्षिप्त्वा सौभं गदाचूर्णितम् उदकनिधौ मङ्क्षु साल्वेऽपि चक्रेण
उत्कृत्ते दन्तवक्त्र: प्रसभम् अभिपतन् अभ्यमुञ्चत् गदां ते ।
कौमोदक्या हतोऽसौ अपि सुकृत निधि: चैद्यवत् प्रापदैक्यं
सर्वेषाम् एष पूर्वं त्वयि धृत मनसां मोक्षणार्थो अवतार: ॥३॥

kshiptvaa saubhaM gadaa chuurNitam udakanidhau mankshu saalve(a)pi chakreNa
UtkR^itte dantavaktra: prasabham abhipatann abhyamunchat gadaaM te |
kaumOdakyaa hatO(a)saau api sukR^ita nidhi: chaidyavat praapadaikyaM
sarveShaam eSha puurvaM tvayi dhR^ita manasaaM mOkshaNaarthO (a)vataara: ||

त्वय्यायातेऽथ जाते किल कुरुसदसि द्यूतके संयताया:
क्रन्दन्त्या याज्ञसेन्या: सकरुणमकृथा: चेलमालाम् अनन्ताम् ।
अन्नान्त प्राप्त शर्वांशज मुनिचकित द्रौपदी चिन्तितोऽथ
प्राप्त: शाकान्नमश्नन् मुनिगणम् अकृथा: त्प्तिमन्तं वनान्ते ॥४॥

tvayyaayaate(a)tha jaate kila kurusadasi dyuutake sanyataayaa:
krandantyaa yaajnasenyaa: sakaruNamakR^ithaa: chelamaalaam anantaam |
annaanta praapta sharvaamshaja muni chakita draupadii chintitO(a)tha
praapta: shaakaannamashnan munigaNam akR^ithaa: tR^iptimantaM vanaante || 4 ||

युद्धोद्योगेऽथ मन्त्रे मिलति सति वृत: फल्गुनेन त्वमेक:
कौरव्ये दत्त सैन्य: करिपुरम् अगमो दूत्यकृत् पाण्डवार्थम् ।
भीष्म द्रोणादि मान्ये तव खलु वचने धिक्कृते कौरवेण
व्यावृण्वन् विश्वरूपं मुनिसदसि पुरीं क्षोभयित्वा आगतोऽभू: ॥५॥

yuddhOdyOge(a)tha mantre milati sati vR^ita: phalgunena tvameka:
kauravye datta sainya: karipuram agamO dautyakR^it paaNDavaartham |
bhiiShma drONaadi maanye tava khalu vachane dhikkR^ite kauraveNa
vyaavR^iNvan vishvaruupaM muni sadasi puriiM kshObhayitva agatO(a)bhuu: || 5 ||

जिष्णोस्त्वं कृष्ण सूत: खलु समरमुखे बन्धुघाते दयालुं
खिन्नं तं वीक्ष्य वीरं किमिदमयि सखे नित्य एकोऽयम् आत्मा ।
को वध्य: कोऽत्र हन्ता तदिह वधभियं प्रोज्झ्य मय्यर्पितात्मा
धर्म्यं युद्धं चरेति प्रकृति मनयथा दर्शयन् विश्वरूपम् ॥६॥

jiShNOstvaM kR^iShNa suuta: khalu samaramukhe bandhughaate dayaaluM
khinnaM taM viikshya viiraM kimidamayi sakhe nitya ekOyam aatmaa |
kO vadhya: kO(a)tra hantaa tadiha vadhabhiyaM prOjjhya mayyarpitaatmaa
dharmyaM yuddhaM chareti prakR^iti manayathaa darshayan vishvaruupam || 6 ||

भक्तोत्तंसेऽथ भीष्मे तव धरणिभर क्षेपकृत्यैक सक्ते
नित्यं नित्यं विभिन्दति अवनिभृदयुतम प्राप्तसादे च पार्थे ।
निश्शस्त्रत्व प्रतिज्ञां विजह दरिवरं धारयन् क्रोधशाली-
वाधावन् प्राञ्जलिं तं नतशिरसम् अथो वीक्ष्य मोदा दपागा: ॥७॥

bhaktOttamsetha bhiiShme tava dharaNibhara kshepa kR^ityaikasakte
nityaM nityaM vibhindati avani bhrudayutaM praaptasaade cha paarthe |
nishshastratva pratij~naaM vijaha darivaraM dhaarayan krOdhashaalii
vaadhaavan praa~njaliM taM natashirasam athO viikshya mOdaa dapaagaa: || 7 ||

युद्धे द्रोणस्य हस्ति स्थिर रण भगदत्तेरितं वैष्णवास्त्रं
वक्षस्याधत्त चक्रस्थगितर विमहा: प्रार्दयन् सिन्धु राजं ।
नागास्त्रे कर्णमुक्ते क्षितिमवनमयन् केवलं कृत्त मौलिं
तत्रे त्रापि पार्थं किमिव नहि भवान् पाण्डवानाम् अकार्षीत् ॥८॥

yuddhe drONasya hasti sthira raNa bhagadatteritaM vaiShNavaastraM
vakshasyaadhatta chakrasthagitara vimahaa: praardayan sindhuraajam |
naagaastre karNamukte kshitimavanamayan kevalaM kR^ittamauliM
tatre tatraapi paarthaM kimiva nahi bhavaan paaNDavaanaam akaarShiit || 8 ||

युद्धादौ तीर्थगामी स खलु हलधरो नैमिश क्षेत्रमृच्छन्
अप्रत्युत्थायि सूतक्षयकृदथ सुतं तत्पदे कल्पयित्वा ।
यज्ञघ्नं बल्वलं पर्वणि परिदलयन् स्नाततीर्थो रणान्ते
सम्प्राप्तो भीम दुर्योधन रणमशमं वीक्ष्य यात: पुरीं ते ॥९॥

yuddhaadau tiirthagaamii sa khalu haladharO naimisha kshetra mR^ichChan
apratyutthaayi suutakshaya kR^idatha sutaM tatpade kalpayitvaa |
yaj~naghnaM balvalaM parvaNi paridalayan snaatatiirthO raNaante
sampraaptO bhiima duryOdhana raNamashamaM viikshya yaataH puriiM te || 9

संसुप्त द्रौपदेय क्षपण हतधियं द्रौणिमेत्य त्वदुक्त्या
तन्मुक्तं ब्राह्ममस्त्रं समहृत विजयो मौलिरत्नं च जह्रे ।
उच्छित्यै पाण्डवानां पुनरपि च विशति उत्तरा गर्भम् अस्त्रे 
रक्षन् अङ्गुष्ठमात्र: किल जठरमगा: चक्रपाणिर्विभो त्वम् ॥१०॥

samsupta draupadeya kshapaNa hatadhiyaM drauNimetya tvaduktyaa
tanmuktaM braahmamastraM samahR^ita vijayO mauliratnaM cha jahre |
uchChityai paaNDavaanaaM punarapi cha vishatyuttaraa garbham astre
rakshann anguShThamaatra: kila jaTharamagaa: chakrapaaNirvibhO tvam || 10 ||

धर्मौघं धर्मसूनो: अभिदधदखिलं छन्द मृत्यु: स भीष्म:
त्वां पश्यन् भक्ति भूम्नैव हि सपदि ययौ निष्कल ब्रह्म भूयम् ।
संयाज्याथ अश्वमेधै: त्रिभिरति महितै: धर्मजं पूर्णकामं
स्म्प्राप्तो द्वरकां त्वं पवनपुरपते पाहि मां सर्वरोगात् ॥११॥

dharmaughaM dharmasuunO: abhidadhadakhilaM Chanda mR^ityu: sa bhiiShma:
tvaaM pashyan bhakti bhuumnaiva hi sapadi yayau niShkala brahmabhuuyam |
sanyaajyaatha ashvamedhai: tribhiratimahitai: dharmajaM puurNakaamaM
sampraaptO dvaarakaaM tvaM pavanapurapate paahi maaM sarvarOgaat || 11 ||


---------Sri Krishnarpanam---------


Thursday, 13 August 2020

NARAYANEEYAM DASAKAM - 85 - JARASANDHA VADHAM AND SHISHUPALA MOKSHAM

Dasakam - 85 - Jarasandha Vadham and Shishupala Moksham




Jarasandha, King of Magadha held 20800 kings in his captivity for long time and were torturing them. The kings in hostage prayed to Krishna and sent an emissary requesting Krishna to free them from the captivity. Nothing to say more, but they prayed for killing of the Magadha king. Krishna with his Yadava army intended to start to Magadha when Narada came there  and informed about Rajasuya Yagna being done by Yudhisthira. Krishna was confused as to which task he should take up first. Uddhava pointed out to Krishna that sacrifice demands conquering of enemies, so going to yagna will meet both the purposes. Immediately Krishna left to Indraprastha along with all his wives and the yadavas.

With Krishna's grace through his glance and blessings, Yudhisthira and his brothers gained lot of strength and conquered the earth and amassed lot of wealth. Then he sent Krishna, Bheema and Arjuna to Jarasandha. Krishna, Arjuna and Bhima went to Girivraja in the guise of Brahmins and Krishna invited Jarasandha to fight with Bheema. Krishna along with Arjuna remained as onlookers. The fight went on for 27 days as both were equally strong. Finally Krishna signaled Bheema the way to kill Jarasandha by tearing a twig apart and so Bheema ripped him to two pieces and threw the pieces on either side, thus ending his life. Krishna made his son Sahdev the king of Magadha and released the kings from captivity and blessed them with devotion. The kings were not having any material desire, yet Krishna advised them to rule the earth as per dharma.

Yudhisthira then performed the Rajasuya yagna. Kings who were under the control of Yudhistira  happily participated in the yagna. Krishna who is the Lord of the universe, personally washed the feet of holy men and brahmins and dried their feet with his silk robe. How fortunate Yudhistira was! It was required in the yagna that Yudhistira had to honour and offer puja to the most noteworthy person among the guests. Sahadeva advised that the worship and honour be offered to their family god Sri Krishna. Dharmaputra with lot of happiness, worshipped and honoured Sri Krishna, the soul of every atma. This made all devas, gods and humans satisfied and happy.

While the kings and holy men were worshipping and honouring Krishna, the king of Chedi, Shishupala sprang up from his seat and hurled abuses on Krishna. He called everyone who were honouring and worshipping the cowherd boy, fools. With some more abuses, he carried weapons and came towards the Lord. Pandavas confronted him immediately and prevented him from advancing further.

Krishna stopped his allies, Pandavas to confront Shishupala and cut his head with his sudarshan chakra which cuts the heads of asuras. Having seeded hostility for past three births (as Hiranyakashipu, Ravana and Shishupala), he kept thinking of Lord in all through his births, got the moksham for the pure minded Shishupala by merging with the Lord, which was very difficult to attain for even yogis.

Rajasuya yagna was completed well by the grace of the Lord. Everyone praised Dharmaputra and blessed victory to him and left the venue. Hearing the glory of Pandavas, Duryodhana grew jealous and upset and came to visit them at the palace built by Mayan. The assembly hall was built in such a way that the water area looked like floor and the dry floor area looked like water. Duryodhana mistook wet places and dry places in the palace as he walked in and slipped. Draupadi and Bhima laughed at Duryodana's ignorance. Krishna planning to reduce the evil people in the earth, made Draupadi and Bheema to laugh more by his glances. Bhattathiri offered worship to the Lord who intended to reduce the evil, to protect him from his ailments.


Lyrics of Dasakam 85



ततो मगध भूभृता चिरनिरोध संक्लेशितं
शताष्टक युतायुत द्वितयमीश भूमी भृताम् ।
अनाथ शरणाय ते कमपि पूरुषं प्राहिणोत्
अयाचत स मागध क्षपणमेव किं भूयसा ॥१॥

tatO magadha bhuubhR^itaa chiranirOdha sankleshitaM
shataaShTaka yutaayuta dvitayamiisha bhuumii bhR^itaam |
anaatha sharaNaaya te kamapi puuruShaM praahiNOt
ayaachata sa maagadha kshapaNameva kiM bhuuyasaa || 1 ||

यियासुरभिमागधं तदनु नारदोदीरितात्
युधिष्ठिर मखोद्यमात् उभय कार्य पर्याकुल: ।
विरुद्ध जयिनोऽध्वरात् उभय सिद्धिरित्युद्धवे
शशंसुषि निजै: समं पुरमियेथ यौधिष्ठिरीम् ॥२॥

yiyaasurabhimaagadhaM tadanu naaradOdiiritaat
yudhiShThira makhOdyamaat ubhaya kaarya paryaakulaH |
viruddha jayinO(a)dhvaraat ubhaya siddhirityuddhave
shashamsuShi nijai: samaM puramiyetha yaudhiShThiriim || 2 ||

अशेष दयितायुते त्वयि समागते धर्मजो
विजित्य सहजैर्महीं भवदपाङ्ग संवर्धितै: ।
श्रियं निरुपमां वहन् अहह भक्त दासायितं
भवन्तमयि मागधे प्रहितवान् सभीमार्जुनम् ॥३॥

asheSha dayitaayute tvayi samaagate dharmajO
vijitya sahajairmahiiM bhavadapaanga sanvardhitai: |
shriyaM nirupamaaM vahann ahaha bhakta daasaayitaM
bhavantamayi maagadhe prahitavaan sabhiimaarjunam|| 3 ||

गिरिव्रजपुरं गता: तदनु देव यूयं त्रयो
ययाच समरोत्सवं द्विजमिषेण तं मागधम् ।
अपूर्ण सुकृतं त्वमुं पवनजेन संग्रामयन्
निरीक्ष्य सह जिष्णुना त्वमपि राजयुद्ध्वा स्थित: ॥४॥

girivrajapuraM gataa: tadanu deva yuuyaM trayO
yayaacha samarOtsavam dvijamiSheNa taM maagadham |
apuurNa sukR^itaM tvamuM pavanajena sangraamayan
niriikshya saha jiShNunaa tvamapi raajyayudhvaa sthita: || 4 ||

अशान्त समरोद्धतं बिटप पाटना संज्ञया
निपात्य जरस: सुतं पवनजेन निष्पाटितम् ।
विमुच्य नृपतीन् मुदा समनुगृह्य भक्तिं परां
दिदेशिथ गतस्पृहानपि च धर्मगुप्त्यै भुव: ॥५॥

ashaanta samarOddhataM viTapa paaTanaa sanj~nayaa
nipaatya jarasa: sutaM pavanajena niShpaaTitam |
vimuchya nR^ipatiin mudaa samanugR^ihya bhaktiM paraaM
dideshitha gataspR^ihaanapi cha dharmaguptyai bhuva: || 5

प्रचक्रुषि युधिष्ठिरे तदनु राजसूयाध्वरं
प्रसन्न भृतकी भवत् सकल राजक व्याकुलम् ।
त्वमप्ययि जगत्पते द्विज पदावनेजादिकं
चकर्थ किमु कथ्यते नृपवरस्य भाग्योन्नति: ॥६॥

prachakruShi yudhiShThire tadanu raajasuuyaadhvaraM
prasanna bhR^itakii bhavat sakala raajaka vyaakulam |
tvamapyayi jagatpate dvija padaavanejaadikaM
chakartha kimu kathyate nR^ipavarasya bhaagyOnnati: || 6 ||

तत: सवन कर्मणि प्रवरमग्र्य पूजाविधिं
विचार्य सहदेववाक् अनुगत: स धर्मात्मज: ।
व्यधत्त भवते मुदा सदसि विश्व भूतात्मने
तदा ससुर मानुषं भुवनमेव तृप्तिं दधौ ॥७॥

tataH savana karmaNi pravaramagra puujaavidhiM
vichaarya sahadeva vaaganugata: sa dharmaatmaja: |
vyadhatta bhavate mudaa sadasi vishva bhuutaatmane
tadaa sasura maanuShaM bhuvanameva tR^iptiM dadhau || 7 ||

तत: सपदि चेदिपो मुनि नृपेषु तिष्ठत्स्वहो
सभाजयति को जड: पशुप दुर्दुरूटं वटुम् ।
इति त्वयि स दुर्वचो विततिम् उद्वमन् आसनात्
उदापत दुदायुध: समपतन्नमुं पाण्डवा: ॥८॥

tata: sapadi chedipO muninR^ipeShu tiShThatsvahO
sabhaajayati kO jaDa: pashupad urduruuTaM vaTum |
iti tvayi cha durvachO vitatim udvamann aasanaat
udaapata dudaayudha: samapatannamuM paaNDavaa: || 8 ||

निवार्य निजपक्षगानभिमुखस्यविद्वेषिण-
स्त्वमेव जहृषे शिरो दनुजदारिणा स्वारिणा ।
जनुस्त्रितय लब्धया सततचिन्तया शुद्धधी-
स्त्वया स परमेकतामधृत योगिनां दुर्लभाम् ॥९॥

nivaarya nijapakshagaan abhimukhasya vidveShiNa:
tvameva jahR^iShe shirO danujadaariNaa svaariNaa |
janusitrataya labdhayaa satatachintayaa shuddhadhii:
tvayaa sa paramekataamadhR^ita yOginaaM durlabhaam || 9 ||

तत: सुमहिते त्वया क्रतुवरे निरूढे जनो
ययौ जयति धर्मजो जयति कृष्ण इत्यालपन्।
खल: स तु सुयोधनो धुतमना: सपत्नश्रिया
मयार्पित सभामुखे स्थल जल भ्रमादभ्रमीत् ॥१०॥

tata: sumahite tvayaa kratuvare niruuDhe janO
yayau jayati dharmajO jayati kR^iShNa ityaalapan |
khalaH sa tu suyOdhanO dhutamanaa: sapatnashriyaa
mayaarpita sabhaamukhe sthalajalabhramaad abhramiit || 10 ||

तदा हसितम् उत्थितं द्रुपदनन्दना भीमयो:
अपाङ्ग कलया विभो किमपि तावदुज्जृम्भयन् ।
धराभर निराकृतौ सपदि नाम बीजं वपन्
जनार्दन मरुत्पुरीनिलय पाहि माम् आमयात् ॥११॥

tadaa hasitam utthitaM drupadanandanaa bhiimayO:
apaanga kalayaa vibhO kimapi taavadujjR^imbhayan |
dharaabhara niraakR^itau sapadi naama biijaM vapan
janaardana marutpuriinilaya paahi maam aamayaat || 11 ||


-------Sri Krishnarpanam-------